Mats Ljungman

Learn More
To study the triggering mechanism(s) of the induction of apoptosis following exposure to u.v. light, we used a genetic approach involving cell strains derived from patients with inherited deficiencies in nucleotide excision repair. It was found that cells from patients with Cockayne's syndrome, which are deficient in the processing of u.v.-induced(More)
Increased levels of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), a critical regulator of cellular memory, are associated with negative estrogen receptor (ER) expression and disease progression in breast cancer. High levels of EZH2 signal the presence of metastasis and poor outcome in breast cancer patients. To test the hypothesis that deregulation of EZH2(More)
The mechanisms by which the p53 response is triggered following exposure to DNA-damaging agents have not yet been clearly elucidated. We and others have previously suggested that blockage of RNA polymerase II may be the trigger for induction of the p53 response following exposure to ultraviolet light. Here we report on the correlation between inhibition of(More)
Pancreatic cancer is a deadly disease characterized by late diagnosis and resistance to therapy. Much progress has been made in defining gene defects in pancreatic cancer, but a full accounting of its molecular pathogenesis remains to be provided. Here, we show that expression of the ataxia-telangiectasia group D complementing gene (ATDC), also called(More)
The tumor suppressor p53 is a nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein that accumulates in the nucleus of cells exposed to various cellular stresses. One important role of nuclear p53 is to mobilize a stress response by transactivating target genes such as the p21(Waf1) gene. In this study, we investigated more closely the localization of p53 in cells following(More)
Cells induce the expression of DNA-repair enzymes, activate cell-cycle checkpoints and, under some circumstances, undergo apoptosis in response to DNA-damaging agents. The mechanisms by which these cellular responses are triggered are not well understood, but there is recent evidence that the transcription machinery might be used in DNA-damage surveillance(More)
It has been suggested that phosphorylation of the histone variant H2AX after ultraviolet light (UV) irradiation is triggered by DNA double-strand breaks induced as replication forks collide with UV-induced bulky lesions. More recently, it has been shown that UV-induced H2AX phosphorylation can also occur outside of S-phase, but the mechanism for this(More)
The mechanisms by which DNA-damaging agents trigger the induction of the stress response protein p53 are poorly understood but may involve alterations of chromatin structure or blockage of either transcription or replication. Here we show that transcription-blocking agents can induce phosphorylation of the Ser-15 site of p53 in a replication-independent(More)
Protein ubiquitination is a crucial component of the DNA damage response. To study the mechanism of the DNA damage–induced ubiquitination pathway, we analyzed the impact of the loss of two E3 ubiquitin ligases, RNF8 and Chfr. Notably, DNA damage–induced activation of ATM kinase is suppressed in cells deficient in both RNF8 and Chfr (double-knockout, or(More)