Mats Dreifaldt

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Perivascular tissue (PVT) surrounding many blood vessels, including those used as bypass conduits, is the source of adipocyte-derived relaxing factors, one of which is leptin. Here, we assessed leptin levels and identified leptin localization in the cushion of fat surrounding 'no-touch-harvested' saphenous veins (SVs) used as grafts in 15 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Injury incurred while saphenous veins are being obtained results in poor graft patency and impairs the results of coronary artery bypass grafting. A novel method of obtaining veins, the no-touch technique, has shown improved long-term saphenous vein graft patency. METHODS This randomized trial included 108 patients undergoing coronary artery(More)
OBJECTIVES Our objective was to evaluate the impact of vein graft harvesting technique on structure and function of vasa vasorum. METHODS Paired segments of great saphenous veins harvested either with conventional harvesting technique or no-touch technique were obtained from 9 consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Quantitative(More)
No-touch (NT) saphenous vein (SV) grafts are superior to SVs harvested by the conventional technique (CT), with a patency comparable with the internal thoracic artery (ITA). Preservation of the vasa vasorum is implicated in the success of NT harvesting. We compared the vasa vasorum and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in NT SV with ITA and radial(More)
AIMS Excessive bleeding impairs outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Current guidelines recommend withdrawal of clopidogrel and ticagrelor 5 days (120 h) before elective surgery. Shorter discontinuation would reduce the risk of thrombotic events and save hospital resources, but may increase the risk of bleeding. We investigated whether a(More)
OBJECTIVE "No-touch" (NT) saphenous vein harvesting preserves the adventitial vasa vasorum, prevents medial ischemia, and is associated with an improved short-term and long-term vein graft patency. It may also be associated with a higher rate of harvest site complications. Endovascular vein harvesting (endo-vein) has a low rate of harvest site complications(More)
Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) releases numerous factors and adipokines with paracrine effects on both vascular structure and function. These effects are variable as they depend on regional differences in PVAT among blood vessels and vary with changes in adiposity. There is considerable evidence demonstrating an association between coronary PVAT and the(More)
Background The saphenous vein is still the most widely used conduit in CABG surgery despite its poor long term patency. In the 1990’s a new No-touch technique for saphenous vein graft harvesting for CABG was introduced where the vein graft is harvested with a pedicle of surrounding tissue. With the No-touch technique the vein graft does not go into spasm(More)
INTRODUCTION Optimal surgical management for acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD) remains unclear. The in-hospital mortality rate is still high (15%), and the intraoperative bleeding is an independent risk factor for hospital mortality. OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was describe a new method for aortic anastomosis in the repair of AAAD and report the(More)