Matous Sedlacek

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Pregnenolone sulfate (PS), an endogenously occurring neurosteroid, has been shown to modulate the activity of several neurotransmitter-gated channels, including the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). NMDARs are glutamate-gated ion channels involved in excitatory synaptic transmission, synaptic plasticity, and excitotoxicity. To determine the mechanism(More)
N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (NMDARs) are highly expressed in the CNS and mediate the slow component of excitatory transmission. The present study was aimed at characterizing the temperature dependence of the kinetic properties of native NMDARs, with special emphasis on the deactivation of synaptic NMDARs. We used patch-clamp recordings to study(More)
Ligand-gated ionic channels are integral membrane proteins that enable rapid and selective ion fluxes across biological membranes. In excitable cells, their role is crucial for generation and propagation of electrical signals. This survey describes recent results from studies performed in the Department of Cellular Neurophysiology, Institute of Physiology(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are highly expressed in the CNS, mediate the slow component of excitatory transmission and play key roles in synaptic plasticity and excitotoxicity. These ligand-gated ion channels are heteromultimers composed of NR1 and NR2 subunits activated by glycine and glutamate. In this study, patch-clamp recordings were used to(More)
We present an efficient implementation of the Modified SParse Approximate Inverse (MSPAI) preconditioner. MSPAI generalizes the class of preconditioners based on Frobenius norm minimizations, the class of modified preconditioners such as MILU, as well as interface probing techniques in domain decomposition: it adds probing constraints to the basic SPAI(More)
Ionotropic glutamate receptors function can be affected by neurosteroids, both positively and negatively. N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor responses to exogenously applied glutamate are potentiated or inhibited (depending on the receptor subunit composition) by pregnenolone sulphate (PS) and inhibited by pregnanolone sulphate (3alpha5betaS). While PS(More)
Ionotropic glutamate receptors of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype are highly expressed in the central nervous system and are involved in excitatory synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity. Prolonged activation of NMDA receptors can lead to excitotoxicity, which is implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegeneration occurring in various acute(More)
It has been suggested that in mammals, trigeminal lamina I neurons play a role in the processing and transmission of sensory information from the orofacial region. We investigated the physiological and morphological properties of trigeminal subnucleus caudalis (Sp5C) lamina I neurons in slices prepared from the medulla oblongata of 13- to 15-day-old(More)