Matlubur Rahman

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OBJECTIVE Sympathetic nervous system activity in the myocardium is increased in patients with heart failure. However, the in vivo mechanisms responsible for beta-adrenoceptor-mediated cardiac hypertrophy or remodeling remain unclear. This study aimed to clarify the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase activation(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) participate in cardioprotection of ischemic reperfusion (I/R) injury via preconditioning mechanisms. Mitochondrial ROS have been shown to play a key role in this process. Angiotensin II (Ang II) exhibits pharmacological preconditioning; however, the involvement of NAD(P)H oxidase, known as an ROS-generating enzyme responsive to(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are key mediators in signal transduction of angiotensin II (Ang II). However, roles of vascular mitochondria, a major intracellular ROS source, in response to Ang II stimuli have not been elucidated. This study aimed to examine the involvement of mitochondria-derived ROS in the signaling pathway and the vasoconstrictor(More)
The relations among hypertensive response, oxidative stress, and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in cardiovascular tissues have not been fully established. We investigated the involvement of reactive oxygen species on changes in the hemodynamics and cardiovascular MAPKs activities induced by acutely administered angiotensin II (Ang II) in conscious(More)
It has recently been shown that glomerular mesangial injury is associated with increases in renal cortical reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in rats treated chronically with aldosterone and salt. This study was conducted to determine the mechanisms responsible for aldosterone-induced ROS production in cultured rat mesangial cells (RMC). Oxidative(More)
Recent studies have indicated that angiotensin II (Ang II) can stimulate oxidative stress. The present study was conducted to assess the contribution of oxygen radicals to hypertension and regional circulation during Ang II–induced hypertension. With radioactive microspheres, the responses of systemic and regional hemodynamics to the membranepermeable,(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the contribution of reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation to the pathogenesis of diastolic heart failure (DHF) in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) hypertensive rats, with the aim of testing our hypothesis that the cardioprotective effects of angiotensin II(More)
Treatment with cyclosporine A (CysA), a potent immunosuppressive agent, is associated with systemic and renal vasoconstriction, leading to hypertension. The present study was conducted to elucidate the contribution of angiotensin II (Ang II) to CysA-induced hypertension and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. CysA (30 mg/kg per day SC), given for 3(More)
We examined the effects of adrenomedullin on cardiac oxidative stress and collagen accumulation in aldosterone-dependent malignant hypertensive rats. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were treated with one of the following combinations for 4 weeks: tap water and vehicle [0.5% ethanol, subcutaneously (s.c.), n = 5], 1% NaCl in drinking water and vehicle(More)
We have recently shown that systemic administration of a superoxide dismutase mimetic, tempol, resulted in decreases in mean arterial pressure and heart rate along with a reduction in renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA). It has also been shown that these parameters are significantly increased by systemic administration of a superoxide dismutase(More)