Matjaz Humar

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BACKGROUND Thiopental is frequently used for the treatment of intracranial hypertension after severe head injury. Its long-term administration increases the incidence of nosocomial infections, which contributes to the high mortality rate of these patients. However, the mechanism of its immunosuppressing effect remains unknown. METHODS The effect of(More)
Bacteria-derived synthetic lipoproteins constitute potent macrophage activators in vivo and are effective stimuli, enhancing the immune response especially with respect to low or non-immunogenic compounds. N-palmitoyl-S-[2,3-bis(palmitoyloxy)-(2R,S)-propyl]-(R)-cysteinyl-seryl-(lysyl)3-lysine (P3CSK4), exhibiting one of the most effective lipopeptide(More)
Proliferation of pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) plays a cardinal role during fibrosis development. Therefore, the suppression of PSC growth represents a therapeutic option for the treatment of pancreatic fibrosis. It has been shown that up-regulation of the enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) could exert antiproliferative effects on PSCs, but no information is(More)
The cell surface receptors for PRL and interleukin-2 (IL-2) are structurally distinct, but share regulatory tasks in T lymphocytes. They can stimulate proliferation and activate transcription of over-lapping sets of genes of T cells. PRL and IL-2 receptor activation are both linked to the Jak/Stat (signal transducer and activator of transcription) pathway.(More)
BACKGROUND The heme oxygenase pathway represents a major cell and organ protective system in the liver. The authors recently showed that isoflurane and sevoflurane up-regulate the inducible isoform heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1). Because the activating cascade remained unclear, it was the aim of this study to identify the underlying mechanism of this effect. (More)
OBJECTIVE It was the aim of this study to characterize the influence of isoflurane-induced heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression on hepatocellular integrity after ischemia and reperfusion. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Abundant experimental data characterize HO-1 as one of the most powerful inducible enzymes that contribute to the protection of the liver and other(More)
Barbiturates are known to suppress protective immunity, and their therapeutic use is associated with nosocomial infections. Although barbiturates inhibit T cell proliferation, differentiation, and cytokine synthesis, only thiobarbiturates markedly reduce the activation of immune regulatory transcription factors such as nuclear factor-kappaB and nuclear(More)
The carbon monoxide releasing molecule tricarbonyldichlororuthenium (CORM-2) displays protective actions like carbon monoxide. The molecular mechanism underlying this effect remains controversial. We hypothesized that CORM-2 mediates cytoprotection via induction of heat shock proteins through activation of p38 mitogen-activated kinase. Embryonic bovine lung(More)
Calcium-dependent cell death occurs in neurodegenerative diseases and ischemic or traumatic brain injury. We analyzed whether thioureylenes can act in a neuroprotective manner by pharmacological suppression of calcium-dependent pathological pathways. In human neuroblastoma (SK-N-SH) cells, thioureylenes (thiopental, carbimazole) inhibited the(More)
Sustained inflammation may increase the susceptibility of hepatocytes to apoptotic cell death and therefore exacerbate liver damage. Here we report that the pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-1β sensitizes primary murine hepatocytes to Fas ligand (FasL)-induced caspase-3/-7 activity. This process was dependent on JNK1/2 and the BH3-only proteins Bim and Bid.(More)