Matilde Pescarin

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BACKGROUND The identification of specific serological algorithms allowing the diagnosis of celiac disease (CD) is a new challenge for both the clinic and the laboratory. We compared the diagnostic accuracy of three new tests proposed for CD screening with that of the well established IgA tTG, and ascertained whether any combination of these tools might(More)
OBJECTIVES Inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] presenting in early childhood is extremely rare. More recently, progress has been made to identify children with monogenic forms of IBD predominantly presenting very early in life. In this study, we describe the heterogeneous phenotypes and genotypes of patients with IBD presenting before the age of 2 years and(More)
BACKGROUND Colonic manometry is the standard diagnostic modality for evaluating colonic motility in children. Intraluminal bisacodyl is routinely used to trigger high-amplitude propagating contractions (HAPCs), a feature of normal colonic motility. Usually, only a single dose (0.2 mg/kg) is suggested. We retrospectively explored whether the use of an(More)
OBJECTIVE The clinical relevance of esophageal baseline impedance (BI) remains to be determined. In the present study, we explored the impact of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and esophageal dysmotility on BI. METHODS A total of 18 children with esophageal atresia, 26 children with GERD, and 17 controls prospectively underwent(More)
BACKGROUND TNF-α and IFN-γ play a role in the development of mucosal damage in celiac disease (CD). Polymorphisms of TNFA and IFNG genes, as well as of the TNFRSF1A gene, encoding the TNF-α receptor 1, might underlie different inter-individual disease susceptibility over a common HLA risk background. The aims of this study were to ascertain whether five(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-transglutaminase (tTG) or anti-deamidated gliadin peptides (DGP) serum determination is the first step in diagnosing celiac disease (CD). Our aims were to: compare the performance of novel chemiluminescent tool in the detection of tTG and DGP (Q-Flash®, Inova) with that of the established ELISA (Q-Lite®, Inova) methods; identify the more(More)
INTRODUCTION Dysphagia, feeding difficulties and gastro-oesophageal reflux (GORD) are common complaints in neurologically impaired children. Motor pattern generators localised in the brain stem and CNS reflexes play a key role on controlling oesophageal peristalsis and lower oesophageal sphincter activity. Thus, it is not surprising that brain abnormalities(More)
We evaluated the effect of bowel preparation on colonic transit time (CTT) measured by the radio-opaque marker test in children with constipation. All children underwent 2 radio-opaque marker-CTT tests, both in cleansed and uncleansed bowel state. Our findings confirm that the state of colonic fecal filling may significantly influence CTT.
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