Matilde E L Lleonart

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An unbiased screen for genes that can immortalize mouse embryonic fibroblasts identified the glycolytic enzyme phosphoglycerate mutase (PGM). A 2-fold increase in PGM activity enhances glycolytic flux, allows indefinite proliferation, and renders cells resistant to ras-induced arrest. Glucosephosphate isomerase, another glycolytic enzyme, displays similar(More)
This review focuses on the roles of two major cold-inducible RNA binding proteins known in human cells: CIRP and RBM3. Both proteins were discovered when they were shown to be induced after exposure to a moderate cold-shock and other cellular stresses such as UV radiation and hypoxia. Initially, it was suggested that these proteins have a suppressive rather(More)
Reactive species, which mainly include reactive oxygen species (ROS), are products generated as a consequence of metabolic reactions in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells. In normal cells, low-level concentrations of these compounds are required for signal transduction before their elimination. However, cancer cells, which exhibit an accelerated(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells are immortal and present the ability to self-renew while retaining their ability to differentiate. In contrast, most primary cells possess a limited proliferative potential, and when this is exhausted, undergo an irreversible growth arrest termed senescence. In primary cells, senescence can be also triggered by a variety of stress(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a sub-population of cancer cells that possess characteristics associated with normal stem cells but with the peculiarity that they are tumourigenic. This property allows them to persist in the tumour population, causing relapse and metastasis by giving rise to new tumours. Accordingly, if the CSCs were eliminated, then the(More)
Cellular immortalization is a crucial step during the development of human cancer. Primary mammalian cells reach replicative exhaustion after several passages in vitro, a process called replicative senescence. During such a state of permanent growth arrest, senescent cells are refractory to physiological proliferation stimuli: they have altered cell(More)
p16Ink4a is a protein involved in regulation of the cell cycle. Currently, p16Ink4a is considered a tumor suppressor protein because of its physiological role and downregulated expression in a large number of tumors. Intriguingly, overexpression of p16Ink4a has also been described in several tumors. This review attempts to elucidate when and why p16Ink4a(More)
Tumorigenesis occurs when the mechanisms involved in the control of tissue homeostasis are disrupted and cells stop responding to physiological signals. Therefore, genes capable of desensitizing tumoral cells from physiological signals may provide a selective advantage within the tumoral mass and influence the outcome of the disease. We undertook a(More)
The study of cancer stem cells (CSCs) has shown that tumors are driven by a subpopulation of self-renewing CSCs that retain the capacity to engender the various differentiated cell populations that form tumors. The characterization of CSCs has indicated that CSCs are remarkably resistant to conventional radio- and chemo-therapy. Clinically, the remaining(More)
With the idea to discover novel genes involved in proliferation, we have performed a genome-wide loss-of-function genetic screen to identify additional putative tumor suppressor genes. We have previously identified five genes belonging to different biochemical families. In this report, we focused on the study of one of these genes designated(More)