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While most Ascomycetes tend to associate principally with plants, the dimorphic fungi Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii are primary pathogens of immunocompetent mammals, including humans. Infection results from environmental exposure to Coccidiodies, which is believed to grow as a soil saprophyte in arid deserts. To investigate hypotheses(More)
Agrobacterium tumefaciens was used to facilitate genetic transformation of Coccidioides immitis. A gene cassette containing the gene encoding hygromycin phosphotransferase (hph) was cloned into a T-DNA vector plasmid and introduced into A. tumefaciens, and the resultant strain was used for cocultivation with germinated arthroconidia. This procedure produced(More)
These investigations delineate the recently described suppression of a form of cellular hypersensitivity in mice with streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus using a variety of cell-mediated immunologic responses in animals with several different forms of diabetes. Streptozotocin- and alloxan-induced diabetic mice and db/db genetically determined diabetic(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of cancer in patients with schizophrenia has been conversely reported to be higher, lower, or similar to that in the general population. The effects of lifestyle factors such as excess smoking, exposure to neuroleptic medications, and genetic factors that may influence the incidence of cancer in this group are not clear. The current(More)
Coccidioides posadasii is a dimorphic fungal pathogen of humans and other mammals. The switch between saprobic and parasitic growth involves synthesis of new cell walls of which chitin is a significant component. To determine whether particular subsets of chitin synthases (CHSes) are responsible for production of chitin at different stages of(More)
1,3-beta-Glucan synthase is responsible for the synthesis of beta-glucan, an essential cell wall structural component in most fungi. We sought to determine whether Coccidioides posadasii possesses genes homologous to known fungal FKS genes that encode the catalytic subunit of 1,3-beta-glucan synthase. A single gene, designated FKS1, was identified, and(More)
One-hundred and eight patients undergoing elective major plastic surgical procedures, primarily reduction mammaplasties, have been autotransfused. Units of blood were harvested 1 and/or 2 weeks before the operation. At the time of the surgery, the patient's hematocrit and hemoglobin had almost returned to predonation level and active reticulocytosis was(More)
Autoantibodies (AAb), especially antinuclear (ANAs) and anticytoplasmatic antibodies (ACyA), are essential diagnosing markers for several autoimmune diseases. The current gold standard method for ANA detection is manual indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) on human epithelial-2 (HEp-2) cells. However, this technique is cost and time consuming, and(More)
Successful treatment of massive degloving lower extremity requires a flexible approach with adherence to basic surgical principles. There should be aggressive therapy with extensive debridement guided by direct observation and fluorescein vital dye staining. Wound closure, either primary or delayed, should be carried out using autogenous tissues when local(More)
A 3-month-old white female presented with a bone-forming lesion of the soft tissue of the left cheek. Skeletal survey revealed numerous associated radiographic abnormalities, predominantly involving the phalanges. Mineral metabolism and endocrine function were within normal limits. Multiple operations were performed over a 17-year period for palliation of(More)