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BACKGROUND This study describes heat- and cold-related mortality in 12 urban populations in low- and middle-income countries, thereby extending knowledge of how diverse populations, in non-OECD countries, respond to temperature extremes. METHODS The cities were: Delhi, Monterrey, Mexico City, Chiang Mai, Bangkok, Salvador, São Paulo, Santiago, Cape Town,(More)
BACKGROUND We recently reported that antioxidant supplementation with vitamins C and E mitigated ozone related decline in forced expiratory flow (FEF(25-75)) in 158 asthmatic children in an area with high ozone exposure in Mexico City. METHODS A study was undertaken to determine whether deletion of glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1 null genotype), a(More)
Acute exposure to ozone has been related to a wide spectrum of health effects in susceptible individuals. Genetic factors may influence interindividual variation in ozone response. The current authors investigated the relationships between common polymorphisms in two genes involved in response to oxidative stress, i.e. glutathione S-transferases M1 (GSTM1)(More)
BACKGROUND The biological mechanisms involved in inflammatory response to air pollution are not clearly understood. OBJECTIVE In this study we assessed the association of short-term air pollutant exposure with inflammatory markers and lung function. METHODS We studied a cohort of 158 asthmatic and 50 nonasthmatic school-age children, followed an average(More)
UNLABELLED Studies link air pollution with increased mortality; however, information on infants is scarce and inconclusive. OBJECTIVE We studied short-term PM10 exposure, relating to increased respiratory-related infant mortality, and estimated for poor living conditions. METHODS A case-crossover approach modeled the relationship between infant(More)
BACKGROUND S-nitrosothiols are potent endogenous bronchodilators depleted in asthmatic airway lining fluid. S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR; also known as alcohol dehydrogenase 5 or formaldehyde dehydrogenase) catalyzes the metabolism of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and controls intracellular levels of S-nitrosothiols. GSNOR knockout mice have(More)
BACKGROUND Taffic-related air pollution has been related to adverse respiratory outcomes; however, there is still uncertainty concerning the type of vehicle emission causing most deleterious effects. METHODS A panel study was conducted among 147 asthmatic and 50 healthy children, who were followed up for an average of 22 weeks. Incidence density of(More)
To evaluate whether acute effects of ozone, nitrogen dioxide, and particulates with mass median diameter less than 10 micro m could be attenuated by antioxidant vitamin supplementation, we conducted a randomized trial using a double-blinded design. Children with asthma (n = 158) who were residents of Mexico City were randomly given a daily supplement of(More)
Transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGFB1) may influence asthma by modulating allergic airway inflammation and airway remodeling. The role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of TGFB1 in asthma remains inconclusive. We examined TGFB1 SNPs in relation to asthma risk and degree of atopy among 546 case-parent triads, consisting of asthmatics aged 4–17(More)
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) reduced:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1 are phase II enzymes important in response to oxidative stress, such as occurs during exposure to ozone. We examined the relationship between functionally significant polymorphisms in NQO1 (Pro187Ser) and GSTM1 (homozygous deletion) and(More)