Mathumai Kanapathipillai

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Here we describe a combined microfluidic-micromagnetic cell separation device that has been developed to isolate, detect and culture circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from whole blood, and demonstrate its utility using blood from mammary cancer-bearing mice. The device was fabricated from polydimethylsiloxane and contains a microfluidic architecture with a(More)
Obstruction of critical blood vessels due to thrombosis or embolism is a leading cause of death worldwide. Here, we describe a biomimetic strategy that uses high shear stress caused by vascular narrowing as a targeting mechanism--in the same way platelets do--to deliver drugs to obstructed blood vessels. Microscale aggregates of nanoparticles were(More)
Nanoparticle-based therapeutics are poised to become a leading delivery strategy for cancer treatment because they potentially offer higher selectivity, reduced toxicity, longer clearance times, and increased efficacy compared to conventional systemic therapeutic approaches. This article reviews existing nanoparticle technologies and methods that are used(More)
A cancer nanotherapeutic has been developed that targets the extracellular matrix (ECM)-modifying enzyme lysyl oxidase (LOX) and alters the ECM structure. Poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) nanoparticles (∼220 nm) coated with a LOX inhibitory antibody bind to ECM and suppress mammary cancer cell growth and invasion in vitro as well as tumor expansion in vivo,(More)
Increased vascular permeability contributes to many diseases, including acute respiratory distress syndrome, cancer and inflammation. Most past work on vascular barrier function has focused on soluble regulators, such as tumour-necrosis factor-α. Here we show that lung vascular permeability is controlled mechanically by changes in extracellular matrix(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The goal of this study is to combine temporary endovascular bypass (TEB) with a novel shear-activated nanotherapeutic (SA-NT) that releases recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (r-tPA) when exposed to high levels of hemodynamic stress and to determine if this approach can be used to concentrate r-tPA at occlusion sites based(More)
Here we report a proof-of-concept for development of pancreatic islet-targeting nanoparticles for immunomodulatory therapy of autoimmune type 1 diabetes. Modified with a unique islet-homing peptide, these polymeric nanomaterials exhibit 3-fold greater binding to islet endothelial cells and a 200-fold greater anti-inflammatory effect through targeted islet(More)
Here we describe injectable, ultrasound (US)-responsive, nanoparticle aggregates (NPAs) that disintegrate into slow-release, nanoscale, drug delivery systems, which can be targeted to selective sites by applying low-energy US locally. We show that, unlike microbubble based drug carriers which may suffer from stability problems, the properties of mechanical(More)
Here, we produce poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) based microparticles with varying morphologies, and temperature responsive properties utilizing a Pluronic F127/dextran aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) assisted self-assembly. The PLGA polymer, when emulsified in Pluronic F127/dextran ATPS, forms unique microparticle structures due to ATPS guided-self(More)
Tau protein plays a major role in Alzheimer's disease. The tau protein loses its functionality by self-aggregation due to the two six-amino acid sequences VQIVYK and VQIINK of the protein. Hence it is imperative to find therapeutics that could inhibit the self-aggregation of this tau peptide fragments. Here, we study the inhibitory potential of a cationic(More)