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OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that cardiac myocyte-specific overexpression of caveolin-3 (Cav-3), a muscle-specific caveolin, would alter natriuretic peptide signaling and attenuate cardiac hypertrophy. BACKGROUND Natriuretic peptides modulate cardiac hypertrophy and are potential therapeutic options for patients with heart failure. Caveolae, microdomains in(More)
We show here that the apposition of plasma membrane caveolae and mitochondria (first noted in electron micrographs >50 yr ago) and caveolae-mitochondria interaction regulates adaptation to cellular stress by modulating the structure and function of mitochondria. In C57Bl/6 mice engineered to overexpress caveolin specifically in cardiac myocytes (Cav-3 OE),(More)
Caveolins serve as a platform in plasma membrane associated caveolae to orchestrate various signaling molecules to effectively communicate extracellular signals into the interior of cell. All three types of caveolin, Cav-1, Cav-2 and Cav-3 are expressed throughout the cardiovascular system especially by the major cell types involved including endothelial(More)
BACKGROUND The aged brain exhibits a loss in gray matter and a decrease in spines and synaptic densities that may represent a sequela for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's. Membrane/lipid rafts (MLR), discrete regions of the plasmalemma enriched in cholesterol, glycosphingolipids, and sphingomyelin, are essential for the development and(More)
Epicatechin, a flavonoid, is a well-known antioxidant linked to a variety of protective effects in both humans and animals. In particular, its role in protection against cardiovascular disease has been demonstrated by epidemiologic studies. Low-dose epicatechin, which does not have significant antioxidant activity, is also protective; however, the mechanism(More)
AIMS Decoy receptors bind with TNF related apoptosis inducing ligands (TRAIL) but do not contain the cytoplasmic domains necessary to transduce apoptotic signals. We hypothesized that decoy receptors may confer neuronal protection against lethal ischemia after ischemic preconditioning (IPC). MAIN METHOD Mixed cortical neurons were exposed to IPC one day(More)
SCOPE The flavanol (-)-epicatechin (Epi), a component of cacao, has cardiac protective benefits in humans. Our previous study demonstrated Epi has δ-opioid receptor (DOR) binding activity and promotes cardiac protection. Here we examined the effects of 10 days of Epi treatment on: cardiac mitochondrial respiration, reactive oxygen species production,(More)
cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) regulates a myriad of functions in the heart, including cardiac contractility, myocardial metabolism,and gene expression. However, a molecular integrator of the PKA response in the heart is unknown. Here, we show that the PKA adaptor A-kinase interacting protein 1 (AKIP1) is up-regulated in cardiac myocytes in response to(More)
Human melanoma cells resistant to killing by the R24 mAb and human complement rapidly degrade surface-deposited C3b (M. Panneerselvam, S. Welt, L. J. Old, C.-W. Vogel. 1986. J. Immunol. 136:2534). We report that C-resistant melanoma cells express a membrane proteinase that can cleave C3b, generating a cleavage product with a molecular mass of approximately(More)
The susceptibility of human melanoma cells to lysis by human complement after sensitization with the R24 murine IgG3 monoclonal antibody to the GD3 ganglioside antigen was investigated. It was found that the melanoma cell lines were either susceptible (greater than or equal to 70% cytotoxicity) or resistant (less than or equal to 30% cytotoxicity) to(More)