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The coherence of mitochondrial biogenesis relies on spatiotemporally coordinated associations of 800-1000 proteins mostly encoded in the nuclear genome. We report the development of new quantitative analyses to assess the role of local protein translation in the construction of molecular complexes. We used real-time PCR to determine the cellular location of(More)
The asymmetric localization of mRNA plays an important role in coordinating posttranscriptional events in eukaryotic cells. We investigated the peripheral mitochondrial localization of nuclear-encoded mRNAs (MLR) in various conditions in which the mRNA binding protein context and the translation efficiency were altered. We identified Puf3p, a Pumilio family(More)
The widespread pleiotropic drug resistance (PDR) phenomenon is well described as the long term selection of genetic variants expressing constitutively high levels of membrane transporters involved in drug efflux. However, the transcriptional cascades leading to the PDR phenotype in wild-type cells are largely unknown, and the first steps of this phenomenon(More)
Although 30 years ago it was strongly suggested that some cytoplasmic ribosomes are bound to the surface of yeast mitochondria, the mechanisms and the raison d'être of this process are not understood. For instance, it is not perfectly known which of the several hundred nuclearly encoded genes have to be translated to the mitochondrial vicinity to guide the(More)
The longstanding question of the presence of mitochondria-bound polysomes has been recently revisited using new approaches. Genome-wide analyses provided evidence that many genes are actually translated on mitochondria-bound polysomes and GFP-labeling techniques have shown that, in vivo, the 3'UTR sequence of these genes contains signals which can target(More)
Although a considerable amount of data have been gathered on mitochondrial translocases, which control the import of a large number of nuclear-encoded proteins, the preceding steps taking place in the cytosol are poorly characterized. The localization of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) on the surface of mitochondria was recently shown to involve specific classes of(More)
This review focuses on the posttranscriptional processes which govern mitochondrial biogenesis, with a special emphasis on the asymmetric localization-translation of nuclear-encoded mRNAs as an important regulatory step of the protein import process. We review how spatio-temporal mRNA regulons help to elicit timely, versatile, and coordinated intracellular(More)
Recent improvements in microscopy technology allow detection of single molecules of RNA, but tools for large-scale automatic analyses of particle distributions are lacking. An increasing number of imaging studies emphasize the importance of mRNA localization in the definition of cell territory or the biogenesis of cell compartments. CORSEN is a new tool(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary optic neuropathies (HONs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders that affect retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and axons that form the optic nerve. Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy and the autosomal dominant optic atrophy related to OPA1 mutations are the most common forms. Nonsyndromic autosomal recessive optic neuropathies are rare(More)