Mathilde Bonnet-Duquennoy

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BACKGROUND Photodamage is characterized by degradation of collagen and accumulation of abnormal elastin in the superficial dermis. Mast cells and macrophages, which are found in higher numbers in photoaged skin, have been implicated in this process. OBJECTIVES To analyse the phenotype of haematopoietic-derived infiltrating cells in photodamaged skin. (More)
BACKGROUND Chronic exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation induces changes in the skin structure which are mostly found in the superficial dermis and at the dermal-epidermal junction. Keratinocytes and fibroblasts contribute both to the synthesis and to the degradation of the molecules important for the integrity of this skin site. While several studies have(More)
BACKGROUND Sun irradiation causes skin ageing and cancer through the accumulation of damage to cell components. Intrinsic ageing is also associated with accumulation of oxidized macromolecules. OBJECTIVES In this study we investigated the effects of sun exposure on response to an acute in vitro oxidative stress (H(2)O(2)) using normal human fibroblasts(More)
BACKGROUND Studying photoexposed and photoprotected skin biopsies from young and aged women, it has been found that a specific zone, composed of the basal layers of the epidermis, the dermal epidermal junction, and the superficial dermis, is major target of aging and reactive oxygen species. We showed that this zone is characterized by significant(More)
In recent years, applications of microarray platforms have been extended to different areas of research including cosmetic and pharmaceutical. Although microarray technology is still improving its sensitivity and flexibility, researchers often turn toward quantitative RT-PCR for data validation. Assessment of messenger RNA quantity by these methods is based(More)
Melanocytes and cells of the nervous system are of common ectodermal origin and neurotrophins (NT) have been shown to be released by human keratinocytes. We investigated the expression and function of NT [nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), NT-3, NT-4/-5] and their receptors in human melanocytes. Human melanocytes produce(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Skin without significant dyschromia is an aesthetic goal of people worldwide. Current options for lightening skin could have significant drawbacks. The antisense strategy may be a viable alternative. The reactions in melanogenesis are catalyzed mainly by tyrosinase, tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TRP-1), and TRP-2. Activation of(More)
A critical step in the induction of allergic contact dermatitis is the interaction of haptens with immature dendritic cells (iDC) leading to their activation. Therefore iDC appear as suitable targets for the evaluation of the sensitizing properties of haptens with the aim of developing in vitro toxicologic methods. Here, using a low-density cDNA-array, we(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES [corrected] The signs of aging may originate from natural processes or from exposure to the sun, wind, or other environmental factors. To evaluate the anti-aging effects of potential agents researchers must first identify and be able to quantify epidermal markers that change with aging. This paper summarizes the results of studies(More)