Mathieu Matta

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Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are cofactors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission, but the specific role of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is unclear. This study aimed to examine the in vivo relationships between HSV-2 and HIV-1 in 300 women in Bangui, Central African Republic. Sera were tested for syphilis, HIV-1, HSV-2 antibody,(More)
Antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) of the IgA, IgG, and IgM isotypes and high levels of the HIV suppressive beta-chemokine RANTES (regulated on activation, normally T cell expressed and secreted) were found in the cervicovaginal secretions (CVSs) of 7.5% of 342 multiply and repeatedly exposed African HIV-seronegative female sex workers. The(More)
BACKGROUND Lack of mucosal hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission may be due to fairly low infectivity of body fluids in HCV-infected individuals in association with yet unknown innate or acquired resistance factors in individuals exposed to the virus. OBJECTIVE To evaluate HCV excretion patterns in cervicovaginal secretions obtained from chronically(More)
Physiological cervicovaginal acidity can partly inactivate human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Basic semen components should be able to partially neutralize in vivo cervicovaginal pH. The goals of the study were to evaluate the relationship between cervicovaginal pH and presence of semen components in sexually active African women and to assess whether(More)
The BinaxNOW Streptococcus pneumoniae urinary antigen test is a rapid and reliable immunochromatographic test (ICT) for the identification of a pneumococcal aetiology of pneumonia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitude of clinicians in their everyday practice towards prescription of the ICT and the impact of its results on the adaptation of the(More)
The rate of virological failure was assessed in 386 adult patients attending the Centre National Hospitalier Universitaire of Bangui, the capital city of the Central African Republic (CAR), receiving their first-line antiretroviral (ARV) drug regimen for 24 months, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. In addition, genotypic(More)
We compared paired plasma and dried blood spot (DBS) samples from 54 HIV-1-treated children living in Bangui, Central African Republic, for antiretroviral-resistance-associated mutations. All children displayed virological failure (HIV-1 RNA >3.70 log10copies/ml). Testing for resistance genotype was carried out in a reference laboratory in Paris, France. A(More)
In the present study, we assessed whether human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) genetic compartmentalization was associated with phenotypic CCR5 (R5) or CXCR4 (X4) coreceptor usage differences between the systemic and the genital viral populations. Four clinically asymptomatic and treatment-naïve clade A HIV-1-infected patients were selected from a(More)
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a severe and fatal demyelinating disease that occurs especially in HIV-infected patients. It has been suggested that JC virus (JCV) migrates in peripheral blood leukocytes from the kidney to the central nervous system where it initiates demyelination. To investigate the physiopathological role of the(More)