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AIMS To isolate, identify, and characterize heterotrophic bacteria in acid-mine drainage that mediate oxidation of As(III). METHODS AND RESULTS Samples of acid-mine drainage were collected over a period of 14 months. Heterotrophic and non-obligatory acidophilic bacteria in the samples were cultured on a solid medium (pH 7.0-7.2), and three strains were(More)
Weathering of the As-rich pyrite-rich tailings of the abandoned mining site of Carnoulès (southeastern France) results in the formation of acid waters heavily loaded with arsenic. Dissolved arsenic present in the seepage waters precipitates within a few meters from the bottom of the tailing dam in the presence of microorganisms. An Acidithiobacillus(More)
The offshore marine ecosystem of the Canadian Beaufort Sea faces the double pressure of climate change and industrialization. Polar cod (Boreogadus saida) is a pivotal forage species in this ecosystem, accounting for 95 % of the pelagic fish assemblage. Its vertical distribution over the annual cycle remains poorly documented. Hydroacoustic records from(More)
UNLABELLED Spider venoms represent vast sources of bioactive molecules whose diversity remains largely unknown. Indeed, only a small subset of species have been studied out of the ~43,000 extant spider species. The present study investigated inter- and intra-species venom complexity in 18 samples collected from a variety of lethal Australian funnel-web(More)
Despite the in vivo lethality of venom, neurotoxicity has not previously been considered a significant complication of envenoming by the Australian pygmy copperhead (Austrelaps labialis). However, recent evidence has emerged demonstrating that this venom contains potent presynaptic and postsynaptic neurotoxicity. The present study describes the isolation(More)
UNLABELLED The rise of integrative taxonomy, a multi-criteria approach used in characterizing species, fosters the development of new tools facilitating species delimitation. Mass spectrometric (MS) analysis of venom peptides from venomous animals has previously been demonstrated to be a valid method for identifying species. Here we aimed to develop a rapid(More)
Venomous animals have developed a huge arsenal of reticulated peptides for defense and predation. Based on various scaffolds, they represent a colossal pharmacological diversity, making them top candidates for the development of innovative drugs. Instead of relying on the classical, low-throughput bioassay-guided approach to identify innovative bioactive(More)
We describe a novel application of radial partition immunoassay to quantification of human choriogonadotropin (hCG). In this "sandwich"-type assay, two monoclonal antibodies, specific for different sites on the intact molecule are used. The solid phase consists of tabs of glass-fiber filter paper containing a pre-immobilized antibody specific for the alpha(More)
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