Mathieu Jaspar

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Human performance is modulated by circadian rhythmicity and homeostatic sleep pressure. Whether and how this interaction is represented at the regional brain level has not been established. We quantified changes in brain responses to a sustained-attention task during 13 functional magnetic resonance imaging sessions scheduled across the circadian cycle,(More)
Daily variations in the environment have shaped life on Earth, with circadian cycles identified in most living organisms. Likewise, seasons correspond to annual environmental fluctuations to which organisms have adapted. However, little is known about seasonal variations in human brain physiology. We investigated annual rhythms of brain activity in a(More)
INTRODUCTION Genetic variability related to the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene (Val(158)Met polymorphism) has received increasing attention as a possible modulator of cognitive control functions. METHODS In an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, a modified version of the Stroop task was administered to three groups(More)
Recent neuroimaging studies characterized the neural correlates of slow waves and spindles during human non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. They showed that significant activity was consistently associated with slow (> 140 μV) and delta waves (75-140 μV) during NREM sleep in several cortical areas including inferior frontal, medial prefrontal, precuneus,(More)
Diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) is a promising extension of diffusion tensor imaging, giving new insights into the white matter microstructure and providing new biomarkers. Given the rapidly increasing number of studies, DKI has a potential to establish itself as a valuable tool in brain diagnostics. However, to become a routine procedure, DKI still needs(More)
Research on cognitive control suggests an age-related decline in proactive control abilities whereas reactive control seems to remain intact. However, the reason of the differential age effect on cognitive control efficiency is still unclear. This study investigated the potential influence of fluid intelligence and processing speed on the selective(More)
The Attention Network Test (ANT) is deemed to assess the alerting, orientating and executive components of human attention. Capitalizing on the opportunity to investigate three facets of attention in a single task, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to assess the effect of sleep deprivation (SD) on brain responses associated with the three(More)
Interactions between a dorsal attention network (DAN) and a ventral attention cerebral network (VAN) have been reported in young participants during attention or short-term memory (STM) tasks. Because it remains an underinvestigated question, age effects on DAN and VAN activity and their functional balance were explored during performance of an STM task.(More)
Genetic variability related to the catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene (Val(158)Met) has received increasing attention as a possible modulator of executive functioning and its neural correlates. However, this attention has generally centered on the prefrontal cortices because of the well-known direct impact of COMT enzyme on these cerebral regions. In(More)
BACKGROUND In sleep electroencephalographic (EEG) signals, artifacts and arousals marking are usually part of the processing. This visual inspection by a human expert has two main drawbacks: it is very time consuming and subjective. NEW METHOD To detect artifacts and arousals in a reliable, systematic and reproducible automatic way, we developed an(More)