Mathieu H. M. Noteborn

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Circular double-stranded replication intermediates were identified in low-molecular-weight DNA of cells of the avian leukemia virus-induced lymphoblastoid cell line 1104-X-5 infected with chicken anemia virus (CAV). To characterize the genome of CAV, we cloned linearized CAV DNA into the vector pIC20H. Transfection of the circularized cloned insert into(More)
Chicken anaemia virus (CAV) is a small virus of a unique type with a particle diameter of 23 to 25 nm and a genome consisting of a circular single-stranded (minus-strand) DNA. This DNA multiplies in infected cells via a circular double-stranded replicative intermediate, which was recently cloned. DNA analysis of CAV strains isolated in different continents(More)
The chicken anemia virus-derived protein Apoptin induces apoptosis specifically in human tumor and transformed cells and not in normal, untransformed cells. The cell killing activity correlates with a predominantly nuclear localization of Apoptin in tumor cells, whereas in normal cells, it is detected mainly in cytoplasmic structures. To explore the role of(More)
Apoptin, a chicken anemia virus-encoded protein, is thought to be activated by a general tumor-specific pathway, because it induces apoptosis in a large number of human tumor or transformed cells but not in their normal, healthy counterparts. Here, we show that Apoptin is phosphorylated robustly both in vitro and in vivo in tumor cells but negligibly in(More)
We have generated transgenic mice that express the intracellular anti-influenza virus protein Mx1 under control of an interferon-responsive regulatory element. Upon infection with influenza virus, mice of a high responder line produce Mx1 protein locally at the sites of initial viral replication, exhibit little viral spread, and survive infection. Mice of a(More)
Chicken anaemia virus (CAV) expresses three proteins, VP1, VP2 and VP3, but its capsid contains only the VP1 protein. In this paper, we report that for production of the neutralizing epitope, co-synthesis of (recombinant) VP1 and VP2 has to take place. We show via immunofluorescence that recombinant-baculovirus-infected Sf9 cells synthesizing VP1 (or VP2)(More)
The chicken anemia virus protein apoptin induces a p53-independent, Bcl-2-insensitive type of apoptosis in various human tumor cells. Here, we show that, in vitro, apoptin fails to induce programmed cell death in normal lymphoid, dermal, epidermal, endothelial, and smooth-muscle cells. However, when normal cells are transformed they become susceptible to(More)
Chicken anemia virus (CAV) causes cytopathogenic effects in chicken thymocytes and cultured transformed mononuclear cells via apoptosis. Early after infection of chicken mononuclear cells, the CAV-encoded protein VP3 exhibits a finely granular distribution within the nucleus. At a later stage after infection, VP3 forms aggregates. At this point, the cell(More)
Two baculovirus expression vectors derived from Autographica californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcNPV) were prepared containing the complete 2.5 kb coding region for parvovirus B19 coat protein VP1 (AcB19VP1L) and the 1.8 kb coding region for VP2 (AcB19VP2L), placed under the control of the polyhedrin promoter. The recombinant viruses were used to(More)
The chicken anemia virus-derived Apoptin protein induces tumor-specific apoptosis. Here, we show that recombinant Apoptin protein spontaneously forms non-covalent globular aggregates comprising 30 to 40 subunits in vitro. This multimerization is robust and virtually irreversible, and the globular aggregates are also stable in cell extracts, suggesting that(More)