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Lausanne, EPFL 2006 i Quoi qu'on fasse, on reconstruit toujours le monument à sa manière. Mais c'est déjà beaucoup de n'employer que des pierres authentiques. ii iii Acknowledgements First of all, I would like to express my gratitude to Prof. Roger D. Hersch, director of my research program. Despite the distance between Lausanne and Lyon, he continuously(More)
We propose a spectral prediction model for predicting the reflectance and transmittance of recto-verso halftone prints. A recto-verso halftone print is modeled as a diffusing substrate surrounded by two inked interfaces in contact with air (or with another medium). The interaction of light with the print comprises three components: (a) the attenuation of(More)
We propose a compositional model for predicting the reflectance and the transmittance of multilayer specimens composed of layers having possibly distinct refractive indices. The model relies on the laws of geometrical optics and on a description of the multiple reflection-transmission of light between the different layers and interfaces. The highly complex(More)
The effect of morphine on colonic motility was investigated by recording the colonic myoelectric spiking activity by means of a 50 cm long silastic tube equipped with 4 bipolar AgAgCl ring electrodes fixed at 10 cm intervals that was introduced into the left colon in 8 healthy subjects by flexible sigmoidoscopy. Tracings were obtained for 1 hour in the(More)
The transmittance spectrum of halftone prints on paper is predicted thanks to a model inspired by the Yule-Nielsen modified spectral Neugebauer model used for reflectance predictions. This model is well adapted for strongly scattering printing supports and applicable to recto-verso prints. Model parameters are obtained by a few transmittance measurements of(More)
We extend a previously proposed spectral reflectance and transmittance prediction model for recto-verso prints to the case of multi-ink halftones. The model takes into account the multiple reflections and the lateral propagation of light within the paper substrate (optical dot gain) as well as the spreading of the inks according to their superposition(More)
We review the phenomena having an impact on the interaction between light, paper and color halftones. They comprise surface reflections and refractions at the air-paper interface, propagation of light within the paper, internal reflections at the paper-air interface, as well as ink spreading and trapping. We introduce basic notions from radiometry and(More)
The classical definitions of color are well adapted to diffusing objects, whose color is almost independent of the viewing angle, and to very glossy object observed in the specular direction in respect to the light source. For glossy or iridescent objects, the color is difficult to characterize due to its dependence on the viewing direction. In order to(More)
We propose a model for predicting the reflectance and transmittance of multiple stacked nonscattering coloring layers that have different refractive indices. The model relies on the modeling of the reflectance and transmittance of a bounded coloring layer, i.e., a coloring layer and its two interfaces with neighboring media of different refractive indices.(More)