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BACKGROUND & AIMS Peyer's patches (PPs) of the small intestine are antigen sampling and inductive sites that help establish mucosal immunity. Luminal antigens are transported from the mucosal surface of PPs to the subepithelial dome (SED), through the specialized epithelial M cells of the follicle-associated epithelium. Among the SED resident dendritic(More)
The superfamily of fibroblast growth factors (FGF), which counts 22 members in humans, exerts many functions during animal development and adult life. LET-756 is one of the two FGFs of the nematode C. elegans. Re-introduction of LET-756 in a null mutant strain restores viability, allowing the study of structural requirements for LET-756 trafficking and(More)
After entry into thymus, T cell progenitors migrate in the cortex and the medulla while completing their education. Recent reports have documented the dynamic and tortuous behavior of thymocytes. However, other than chemokines and/or segregated thymic substrates, the factors contributing to the dynamic patterns of thymocyte movement are poorly(More)
We introduce a series of experimental procedures enabling sensitive calcium monitoring in T cell populations by confocal video-microscopy. Tracking and post-acquisition analysis was performed using Methods for Automated and Accurate Analysis of Cell Signals (MAAACS), a fully customized program that associates a high throughput tracking algorithm, an(More)
In innate immune responses, induction of type-I interferons (IFNs) prevents virus spreading while viral replication is delayed by protein synthesis inhibition. We asked how cells perform these apparently contradictory activities. Using single fibroblast monitoring by flow cytometry and mathematical modeling, we demonstrate that type-I IFN production is(More)
Autophagy is a key degradative pathway coordinated by external cues, including starvation, oxidative stress, or pathogen detection. Rare are the molecules known to contribute mechanistically to the regulation of autophagy and expressed specifically in particular environmental contexts or in distinct cell types. Here, we unravel the role of RUN and FYVE(More)
After entry into thymus, T cell progenitors migrate in the cortex and the medulla while completing their education. Recent reports have documented the dynamic and tortuous behavior of thymocytes. However, other than chemokines and/or segregated thymic substrates, the factors contributing to the dynamic patterns of thymocyte movement are poorly(More)
Cancer-germline genes in both humans and mice have been shown to encode antigens susceptible to targeting by cytotoxic CD8 T effector cells (CTL). We analysed the ability of CTL to kill different tumour cell lines expressing the same cancer-germline gene P1A (Trap1a). We previously demonstrated that CTL expressing a T-cell receptor specific for the P1A35-43(More)
It is the purpose of this communication to study statistical correlations between the different symptomes of MBD ; speech defect, dyslexia, hyperactivity, poor muscular control, give a school handicap for about 10 per cent of children, excluding cerebral palsy, sensorial trouble, or intellectual defect. The choreiforme syndrome is a systematic investigation(More)
An immunofluorescent technique using Crithidia luciliae (CL) has been developed to detect antibodies against native DNA, type them and determine their complement-fixing capacity. CL possess a kinetoplast containing double-stranded DNA that is not bound to histones: they are therefore a substrate well suited to the determination of antibodies against native(More)