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Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) measures the functional hemodynamic response occurring at the surface of the cortex. Large pial veins are located above the surface of the cerebral cortex. Following activation, these veins exhibit oxygenation changes but their volume likely stays constant. The back-reflection geometry of the NIRS measurement renders the(More)
Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a functional imaging technique allowing measurement of local cerebral oxygenation. This modality is particularly adapted to critically ill neonates, as it can be used at the bedside and is a suitable and noninvasive tool for carrying out longitudinal studies. However, NIRS is sensitive to the imaged medium and(More)
In patients presenting with cerebral ischemic injury, the outcome of injured brain tissue quantified as decreased apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) may depend on associated alterations in cerebral blood perfusion (CBP). This study proposes a non-biased method to quantify associations between ADC and CBP in newborns with global or focal cerebral ischemia.(More)
Little is known about cerebral blood flow, cerebral blood volume (CBV), oxygenation, and oxygen consumption in the premature newborn brain. We combined quantitative frequency-domain near-infrared spectroscopy measures of cerebral hemoglobin oxygenation (SO(2)) and CBV with diffusion correlation spectroscopy measures of cerebral blood flow index (BF(ix)) to(More)
Understanding the evolution of regional and hemispheric asymmetries in the early stages of life is essential to the advancement of developmental neuroscience. By using 2 noninvasive optical methods, frequency-domain near-infrared spectroscopy and diffuse correlation spectroscopy, we measured cerebral hemoglobin oxygenation (SO(2)), blood volume (CBV), an(More)
Diffuse optical imaging uses light to provide a surrogate measure of neuronal activation through the hemodynamic responses. The relative low absorption of near-infrared light enables measurements of hemoglobin changes at depths reaching the first centimeter of the cortex. The rapid rate of acquisition and the access to both oxy and deoxy-hemoglobin leads to(More)
The analysis of diffuse optical imaging (DOI) data has seen significant developments over the last few years. When compared to fMRI, signals originating from optical imaging are tainted by more physiology and the separation of activation from this background can be difficult in some cases. In this work, we show that the use of time-frequency techniques(More)
The near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) frequency-domain multi-distance (FD-MD) method allows for the estimation of optical properties in biological tissue using the phase and intensity of radiofrequency modulated light at different source-detector separations. In this study, we evaluated the accuracy of this method to retrieve the absorption coefficient of(More)
In diffuse optical imaging (DOI) data analysis, the functional response is contaminated with physiological noise as in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). In this work we extend a previously proposed method for fMRI to estimate the parameters of a linear model of DOI time series. The regression is performed in the wavelet domain to infer drift(More)
Diffuse optical imaging (DOI) is a non invasive technique allowing the recovery of hemodynamic changes in the brain. Due to the diffusive nature of photon propagation in turbid media and the fact that cerebral tissues are located around 1.5 cm under the adult human scalp, DOI measurements are subject to partial volume errors. DOI measurements are also(More)