Mathieu Beaudry

Learn More
The objective of our study was to assess the role of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the ventilatory acclimatization to hypoxia. We measured the ventilation in acclimatized Bl6/CBA mice breathing 21% and 8% oxygen, used a nNOS inhibitor, and assessed the expression of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor and nNOS (mRNA and protein). Two(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate whether hypoxia and/or erythropoietin would be able to modulate proliferation/differentiation processes of rat and human myoblasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS Rat L6 and primary human myoblasts were grown in 21% or 1% O(2) in the presence or absence of recombinant human erythropoietin (RhEpo). Presence of(More)
We aimed to evaluate 1) the altitude where maximal heart rate (HR (max)) decreases significantly in both trained and untrained subjects in moderate acute hypoxia, and 2) if the HR (max) decrease could partly explain the drop of V.O (2max). Seventeen healthy males, nine trained endurance athletes (TS) and eight untrained individuals (US) were studied.(More)
During exercise, lactate is produced by degradation of glucose-6-phosphate during glycolysis in the contracting muscles. This lactate is metabolized during and after exercise in the muscle itself and also in the liver and other muscles, which can use it as an energy metabolite or can resynthetize glycogen. Lactate is transported in the blood, and the rate(More)
Membrane lactate transport was studied in skeletal muscle cells and membrane vesicles from the L6 line in relation to in vitro myogenesis. In myoblasts, lactate was transported by simple diffusion and insensitive to classical inhibitors: a positive correlation between onset of creatine kinase activity and lactate transport in differentiated myotubes was(More)
OBJECT The authors conducted a double-blind prospective randomized study to determine whether infiltration of Mayfield skull-pin sites with 0.5% bupivacaine, compared with placebo, would prevent hemodynamic stimulation, thus allowing for a reduction in the quantity of anesthetic agents required. METHODS Thirty patients were randomized into two groups.(More)
Microencapsulation of islets has been proposed to prevent their immune destruction following transplantation. An indirect immunofluorescence technique has been developed and used to study the permeability of the alginate-poly-L-lysine microcapsules to antibodies. Wistar rat islets were incubated with the R2D6 monoclonal mouse IgM antibody against rat(More)
Alginate is a key reagent in the preparation of microcapsules for cell transplantation. To address the question of the intracapsular alginate concentration, a sensitive assay has been developed to quantify the alginate content of microcapsules. The method is based on the metachromatic change induced by alginate binding to the dye, 1,9-dimethyl methylene(More)
Cellular uptake of lactate involves a carrier in numerous types of mammalian cells. In cultured rat L6 myoblasts, lactate diffuses freely. We show that during myogenesis a carrier appears at the myotube stage. The degree of cellular differentiation was determined by microscopic observation and by measurement of a marker of biochemical differentiation: the(More)
Lactate transport was investigated in newborn rat muscle cells in culture. The aim was to study the lactate transport function at two stages of cell differentiation in culture: (i) during the proliferative phase characterized by myoblasts and myotubes (MyB/MyT2) obtained after 2–3 seedings, (ii) when myotubes (MyT1) grow old in culture after 8–9 seedings.(More)