Mathias Winterhalter

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Gram-negative bacteria are responsible for a large proportion of antibiotic-resistant bacterial diseases. These bacteria have a complex cell envelope that comprises an outer membrane and an inner membrane that delimit the periplasm. The outer membrane contains various protein channels, called porins, which are involved in the influx of various compounds,(More)
BACKGROUND Multi-drug resistant (MDR) infections have become a major concern in hospitals worldwide. This study investigates membrane translocation, which is the first step required for drug action on internal bacterial targets. beta-lactams, a major antibiotic class, use porins to pass through the outer membrane barrier of Gram-negative bacteria. Clinical(More)
We investigate the permeability of lipid membranes for fluorescence dyes and ions. We find that permeability reaches a maximum close to the chain melting transition of the membranes. Close to transitions, fluctuations in area and compressibility are high, leading to an increased likelihood of spontaneous lipid pore formation. Fluorescence correlation(More)
Membrane permeability barriers are among the factors contributing to the intrinsic resistance of bacteria to antibiotics. We have been able to resolve single ampicillin molecules moving through a channel of the general bacterial porin, OmpF (outer membrane protein F), believed to be the principal pathway for the beta-lactam antibiotics. With ion channel(More)
Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins which potentially bind to cell surface glycoconjugates. They are found in various organisms including fungi. A lectin from the mushroom Xerocomus chrysenteron (XCL) has been isolated recently. It shows insecticidal activity and has antiproliferative properties. As the monosaccharide binding specificity is an(More)
Sugar permeation through maltoporin of Escherichia coli, a trimer protein that facilitates maltodextrin translocation across outer bacterial membranes, was investigated at the single channel level. For large sugars, such as maltohexaose, elementary events of individual sugar molecule penetration into the channel were readily observed. At small sugar(More)
Ion current through single outer membrane protein F (OmpF) trimers was recorded and compared to molecular dynamics simulation. Unidirectional insertion was revealed from the asymmetry in channel conductance. Single trimer conductance showed particularly high values at low symmetrical salt solution. The conductance values of various alkali metal ion(More)
Background: Multi-drug resistant (MDR) infections have become a major concern in hospitals worldwide. This study investigates membrane translocation, which is the first step required for drug action on internal bacterial targets. b-lactams, a major antibiotic class, use porins to pass through the outer membrane barrier of Gram-negative bacteria. Clinical(More)
The aggregation of the peptide amyloid-β (Aβ) to form amyloid plaques is a key event in Alzheimer’s disease. It has been shown that CuII can bind to soluble Aβ and influence its aggregation properties. Three histidines and the N-terminal amine have been proposed to be involved in its coordination. Here, for the first time, we show isothermal titration(More)
In order to detect xenoestrogens which induce perturbations of mammalian cells, design of biosensor using a mammalian cell line enable to detect these compounds is necessary. MELN cell line is suitable to detect estrogen activity, since they are stably transfect with an estrogen regulated luciferase gene. To realize this biosensor, it appeared necessary to(More)