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Maintained at the Universitat Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany, the Compilation of tRNA Sequences and Sequences of tRNA Genes is accessible at the URL http://www.tRNA.uni-bayreuth.de with mirror site located at the Institute of Protein Research, Pushchino, Russia (http://alpha.protres.ru/trnadbase). The compilation is a searchable, periodically updated database(More)
One of the first specialized collections of nucleic acid sequences in life sciences was the 'compilation of tRNA sequences and sequences of tRNA genes' (http://www.trna.uni-bayreuth.de). Here, an updated and completely restructured version of this compilation is presented (http://trnadb.bioinf.uni-leipzig.de). The new database, tRNAdb, is hosted and(More)
The crystal structure of intact elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) from Thermus thermophilus has been determined and refined at an effective resolution of 1.7 A, with incorporation of data extending to 1.45 A. The effector region, including interaction sites for the ribosome and for transfer RNA, is well defined. Molecular mechanisms are proposed for transduction(More)
A NADH oxidase has been purified from the extreme thermophile Thermus thermophilus HB8 by several chromatographic steps. The purified enzyme was essentially homogeneous as judged by gel electrophoresis under denaturing conditions and by determination of the N-terminal amino acids sequence. It is a monomeric flavin-adenine-dinucleotide-containing(More)
Elongation factor Tu from Thermus thermophilus containing six histidine residues on its C-terminus, EF-Tu(CHis6), was used for purification of aminoacyl-tRNA isoacceptors, from aminoacylated bulk tRNA, by affinity chromatography. Preformed aminoacyl-tRNA.EF-Tu(CHis6).GTP ternary complexes were immobilized on Ni(2+)-nitriloacetic acid agarose and the(More)
The acceptor stem of Escherichia coli tRNA(Ala), rGGGGCUA.rUAGCUCC (ALAwt), contains the main identity element for the correct aminoacylation by the alanyl tRNA synthetase. The presence of a G3.U70 wobble base pair is essential for the specificity of this reaction, but there is a debate whether direct minor-groove contact with the 2-amino group of G3 or a(More)
Elongation factor Ts (EF-Ts) functions as a nucleotide-exchange factor by binding elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) and accelerating the GDP dissociation from EF-Tu; thus EF-Ts promotes the transition of EF-Tu from the inactive GDP form to the active GTP form. Thermus thermophilus EF-Ts exists as a stable dimer in solution which binds two molecules of EF-Tu to(More)
Naturally occurring nucleotide modifications within RNA have been proposed to be structural determinants for innate immune recognition. We tested this hypothesis in the context of native nonself-RNAs. Isolated, fully modified native bacterial transfer RNAs (tRNAs) induced significant secretion of IFN-α from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in a(More)
During protein biosynthesis, all aminoacylated elongator tRNAs except selenocysteine-inserting tRNA Sec form ternary complexes with activated elongation factor. tRNA Sec is bound by its own translation factor, an elongation factor analogue, e.g. the SELB factor in prokaryotes. An apparent reason for this discrimination could be related to the unusual length(More)
We have used an alkaline phosphatase protection assay to investigate the interaction of the trp repressor with its operator sequence. The assay is based on the principle that the trp repressor will protect a terminally 5'-32P-labeled operator DNA fragment from attack by alkaline phosphatase. The optimal oligonucleotide for investigating the trp(More)