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Maintained at the Universitat Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany, the Compilation of tRNA Sequences and Sequences of tRNA Genes is accessible at the URL http://www.tRNA.uni-bayreuth.de with mirror site located at the Institute of Protein Research, Pushchino, Russia (http://alpha.protres.ru/trnadbase). The compilation is a searchable, periodically updated database(More)
The crystal structure of intact elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) from Thermus thermophilus has been determined and refined at an effective resolution of 1.7 A, with incorporation of data extending to 1.45 A. The effector region, including interaction sites for the ribosome and for transfer RNA, is well defined. Molecular mechanisms are proposed for transduction(More)
One of the first specialized collections of nucleic acid sequences in life sciences was the 'compilation of tRNA sequences and sequences of tRNA genes' (http://www.trna.uni-bayreuth.de). Here, an updated and completely restructured version of this compilation is presented (http://trnadb.bioinf.uni-leipzig.de). The new database, tRNAdb, is hosted and(More)
This compilation presents in a small space the tRNA sequences so far published. The numbering of tRNAPhe from yeast is used following the rules proposed by the participants of the Cold Spring Harbor Meeting on tRNA 1978 (1,2;Fig. 1). This numbering allows comparisons with the three dimensional structure of tRNAPhe. The secondary structure of tRNAs is(More)
In order to elucidate the functional role of the modified uridines at position 54 of tRNA, the 270 MHz high-field proton NMR spectra of methionine tRNAs from E. coli, from a mutant thereof, and from T. thermophilus, containing ribothymidine, uridine and 2-thioribothymidine, respectively, have been measured as a function of temperature. A comparison of the(More)
The role of 2'-ribosylated adenosine 64 in tRNA(iMet) from yeast in initiation/elongation discrimination was investigated. As measured by in vitro translation in rabbit reticulocyte lysate, the specific removal of the 2'-ribosylphosphate at adenosine 64 via periodate oxidation allows tRNA(iMet) to read internal AUG codons of the globine messenger RNA. Yeast(More)
A NADH oxidase has been purified from the extreme thermophile Thermus thermophilus HB8 by several chromatographic steps. The purified enzyme was essentially homogeneous as judged by gel electrophoresis under denaturing conditions and by determination of the N-terminal amino acids sequence. It is a monomeric flavin-adenine-dinucleotide-containing(More)
The acceptor stem of Escherichia coli tRNA(Ala), rGGGGCUA.rUAGCUCC (ALAwt), contains the main identity element for the correct aminoacylation by the alanyl tRNA synthetase. The presence of a G3.U70 wobble base pair is essential for the specificity of this reaction, but there is a debate whether direct minor-groove contact with the 2-amino group of G3 or a(More)
Elongation factor Tu from Thermus thermophilus containing six histidine residues on its C-terminus, EF-Tu(CHis6), was used for purification of aminoacyl-tRNA isoacceptors, from aminoacylated bulk tRNA, by affinity chromatography. Preformed aminoacyl-tRNA.EF-Tu(CHis6).GTP ternary complexes were immobilized on Ni(2+)-nitriloacetic acid agarose and the(More)
Naturally occurring nucleotide modifications within RNA have been proposed to be structural determinants for innate immune recognition. We tested this hypothesis in the context of native nonself-RNAs. Isolated, fully modified native bacterial transfer RNAs (tRNAs) induced significant secretion of IFN-α from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells in a(More)