Mathias Scharmann

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Many plants combat herbivore and pathogen attack indirectly by attracting predators of their herbivores. Here we describe a novel type of insect-plant interaction where a carnivorous plant uses such an indirect defence to prevent nutrient loss to kleptoparasites. The ant Camponotus schmitzi is an obligate inhabitant of the carnivorous pitcher plant(More)
Escherichia coli hemolysin (ECH), an important pathogenicity factor in extraintestinal E. coli infections, provokes pulmonary hypertension and microvascular leakage in buffer-perfused rabbit lungs. We investigated gas exchange abnormalities in response to low doses of ECH, lipopolysaccharides (LPS), and sequential and combined application of these bacterial(More)
Gas exchange conditions in blood-free perfused isolated rabbit lungs were assessed by the use of the multiple inert gas elimination technique. Under baseline conditions, unimodal narrow distribution of perfusion and ventilation to midrange-ventilation-perfusion (VA/Q) areas was noted. Intravascular challenge with staphylococcal alpha-toxin caused a rapid(More)
Trichomes are a common feature of plants and perform important and diverse functions. Here, we show that the inward-pointing hairs on the inner wall of insect-trapping Heliamphora nutans pitchers are highly wettable, causing water droplets to spread rapidly across the surface. Wetting strongly enhanced the slipperiness and increased the capture rate for(More)
European starling's (Sturnus vulgaris L.) were used to measure differences in the glucose metabolism in the auditory forebrain between birds performing an auditory discrimination task and birds habituated to the same acoustic stimuli. One group (n = 5) of individuals was trained in an operant GO/NOGO-procedure to report 1-kHz tone signals in a background of(More)
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