Mathias Holm

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The first druglike selective angiotensin II AT(2) receptor agonist (21) with a K(i) value of 0.4 nM for the AT(2) receptor and a K(i) > 10 microM for the AT(1) receptor is reported. Compound 21, with a bioavailability of 20-30% after oral administration and a half-life estimated to 4 h in rat, induces outgrowth of neurite cells, stimulates p42/p44(mapk),(More)
The aims of this study were to elucidate the distribution of angiotensin receptors (AT(1) and AT(2)) in the duodenal wall and to investigate whether AT(2) receptors are involved in the regulation of duodenal mucosal alkaline secretion, which is of importance for the mucosal defense against gastric acid. Immunohistochemistry was used to locate AT(1) and(More)
Net ion transports in rabbit nasal airway epithelium (RNAE) were estimated from unidirectional fluxes of 22Na+, 36Cl-, and 86Rb+ (K+ tracer), short-circuit current (Isc), and epithelial conductance (Gt) under short-circuit conditions in excised parallel RNAE from the two sides of the nasal septum mounted in Ussing chambers at 37 degrees C. Net Na+(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The pathophysiology behind Helicobacter pylori-induced gastroduodenal dysfunction is incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to investigate if a water extract of H. pylori distorts acid-induced duodenal mucosal alkaline secretion. METHODS Chloralose-anesthetized rats were prepared for duodenal luminal perfusion and in situ(More)
Duodenal mucosal alkaline secretion increases in response to hydrochloric acid exposure. The tentative role of nitric oxide (NO) in the mediation of this response was investigated. The mucosal alkaline output by a duodenal segment was recorded by in situ titration in chloralose-anaesthetized rats. In some experiments the duodenal blood flow was estimated by(More)
We recently showed the involvement of the L-arginine/nitric oxide (NO) pathway in acid-induced duodenal mucosal bicarbonate secretion in rats. The aim of the present study was to confirm this observation in pigs by direct measurements of NO production. Experiments were performed on 16 anaesthetized pigs of both sexes treated with guanethidine (6 mg kg-1,(More)
OBJECTIVES In a large population-based study among adults in northern Europe the relation between occupational exposure and new-onset asthma was studied. METHODS The study comprised 13 284 subjects born between 1945 and 1973, who answered a questionnaire 1989-1992 and again 1999-2001. Asthma was defined as 'Asthma diagnosed by a physician' with reported(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the remission rate of adult asthma in a general population sample in relation to age, sex, asthma symptoms, allergic rhinitis and smoking. A follow-up of the random population samples from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey in Northern Europe was conducted from 1999-2001 on 1,153 individuals(More)
BACKGROUND This study was conducted to elucidate if nitric oxide is released by the porcine jejunal mucosa upon selective stimulation of AT2 receptors and the possible involvement of iNOS, and to investigate the presence of jejunal AT1 and AT2 receptors. Young landrace pigs were anaesthetized with ketamine and alpha-chloralose. Jejunal luminal NO output was(More)
Background Whereas it is generally accepted that maternal environment plays a key role in child health, emerging evidence suggests that paternal environment before conception also impacts child health. We aimed to investigate the association between children's asthma risk and parental smoking and welding exposures prior to conception. Methods In a(More)