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In patients with heart failure, reactivation of a fetal gene program, including atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), is a hallmark for maladaptive remodeling of the LV. The mechanisms that regulate this reactivation are incompletely understood. Histone acetylation and methylation affect the conformation of chromatin, which(More)
OBJECTIVES We studied the signal transduction of atrial structural remodeling that contributes to the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND Fibrosis is a hallmark of arrhythmogenic structural remodeling, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are incompletely understood. METHODS We performed transcriptional profiling of left atrial(More)
RE-1 silencing transcription factor (REST) is a transcriptional repressor that represses neuronal gene transcription in non-neuronal cells. REST target genes are expressed in neurons and in neuroendocrine cells. Here, we show that treatment with the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) or expression of a mutant of REST (DP-REST:ER) that(More)
Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a central role in most aging-related diseases. ROS are produced at the respiratory chain that demands NADH for electron transport and are eliminated by enzymes that require NADPH. The nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase (Nnt) is considered a key antioxidative enzyme based on its ability to regenerate(More)
The additive effects of obesity and metabolic syndrome on left ventricular (LV) maladaptive remodeling and function in hypertension are not characterized. We compared an obese spontaneously hypertensive rat model (SHR-ob) with lean spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR-lean) and normotensive controls (Ctr). LV-function was investigated by cardiac magnetic(More)
Synaptophysin, one of the major proteins on synaptic vesicles, is ubiquitously expressed throughout the brain. Synaptophysin and synapsin I, another synaptic vesicle protein, are also expressed by retinoic acid-induced neuronally differentiated P19 teratocarcinoma cells. Here, we show that inhibition of histone deacetylase activity in P19 cells is(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the regulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 in diabetic cardiomyopathy. METHODS Left ventricle (LV) function was determined by a micro-tip catheter in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats, 2 or 6 weeks (w) after STZ-application. LV total collagen, collagen type I and III content were immunohistologically analyzed and(More)