Mathias Engwall

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Hypoxia isolated to the carotid body (CB) can induce time-dependent progressive hyperventilation (ventilatory acclimatization) in the absence of brain hypoxia. The studies reported in this paper were designed to determine if CNS hypoxia in the absence of CB hypoxia would affect ventilation over a 4 h period. In addition, the effect of 4 h of CNS hypoxia on(More)
Ventilatory afterdischarge (VAD) has been defined as a persistent gradually diminishing elevation of ventilatory activity that occurs after withdrawal of a variety of respiratory stimuli. The phenomenon has been well documented in the anesthetized cat, piglet, and lamb in response to electrical stimulation of the carotid sinus nerve. We sought to determine(More)
Our objective was to test the hypothesis that exposure to prolonged hypoxia results in altered responsiveness to chemoreceptor stimulation. Acclimatization to hypoxia occurs rapidly in the awake goat relative to other species. We tested the sensitivity of the central and peripheral chemoreceptors to chemical stimuli before and after 4 h of either isocapnic(More)
1. We assessed the effects of specific brain hypoxia on the control of inspiratory and expiratory muscle electromyographic (EMG) activities in response to specific carotid body hypoxia in seven awake goats. We used an isolated carotid body perfusion technique that permitted specific, physiological, steady-state stimulation of the carotid bodies or(More)
We have previously established the existence of ventilatory afterdischarge (VAD) in the awake goat by means of an isolated perfused carotid body (CB) technique. In the present series of experiments we used this animal preparation to examine the effects of systemic (central nervous system) hypoxia, mild hypercapnia, and hypocapnia on the manifestation of VAD(More)
We utilized selective carotid body (CB) perfusion while changing inspired O2 fraction in arterial isocapnia to characterize the non-CB chemoreceptor ventilatory response to changes in arterial PO2 (PaO2) in awake goats and to define the effect of varying levels of CB PO2 on this response. Systemic hyperoxia (PaO2 greater than 400 Torr) significantly(More)
Twenty-nine single carotid body chemoreceptor units recorded during normocapnic normoxia from 20 anesthetized goats were classified into two groups by discharge pattern. Thirteen fibers, which had interspike interval distributions with a prominent peak [24.0 +/- 9.8% (SD)] at 0- to 20-ms bin, were termed bursting fibers (BF). The 16 remaining fibers were(More)
Choir singing is known to promote wellbeing. One reason for this may be that singing demands a slower than normal respiration, which may in turn affect heart activity. Coupling of heart rate variability (HRV) to respiration is called Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA). This coupling has a subjective as well as a biologically soothing effect, and it is(More)
The carotid body (CB) contains large amounts of several monoamines. There is considerable evidence that carotid body (CB) chemoreceptor function may be regulated by one or several of these monoamines. In order to test whether conditions stimulating the CB might change the CB content of these monoamines, we measured the norepinephrine, dopamine,(More)
This study was designed to examine the influence of carotid body (CB) hypocapnia on ventilation by selectively perfusing the CB through an extracorporeal circuit in 19 goats. When PcbCO2 was decreased from normocapnic levels in 14 awake goats (delta PcbCO2 = 10.9 Torr), PaCO2 increased 5.6 Torr (P less than 0.05) and VE decreased 24% (P less than 0.001)(More)