Mathias Buettner

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The different members of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family act as key regulators of endothelial cell function controlling vasculogenesis, angiogenesis, vascular permeability and endothelial cell survival. In this study, we have functionally characterized a novel member of the VEGF family, designated VEGF-E. VEGF-E sequences are encoded by(More)
BACKGROUND Since 2006, cases of haemorrhagic diathesis in young calves have been observed with a much higher incidence than previously known. The syndrome, now uniformly called Bovine Neonatal Pancytopenia (BNP), is characterized by multiple (external and internal) haemorrhages, thrombocytopenia, leukocytopenia, and bone marrow depletion. Although various(More)
Cases of papular stomatitis in Finnish reindeer have been reported for many years. The causative agent was thought to be Orf virus (ORFV), one of the Parapoxviridae, although this assumption was based mainly on clinical symptoms, pathology and electron microscopy. Here sequence analyses of the viral DNA isolated from a recent outbreak of disease in(More)
The first report of a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-like gene in Orf virus included the surprising observation that the genes from two isolates (NZ2 and NZ7) shared only 41.1% amino acid sequence identity. We have examined this sequence disparity by determining the VEGF gene sequence of 21 isolates of Orf virus derived from diverse sources. Most(More)
To identify new T-cell epitopes of classical swine fever virus (CSFV), 573 overlapping, synthetic pentadecapeptides spanning 82% of the CSFV (strain Glentorf) genome sequence were synthesized and screened. In proliferation assays, 26 peptides distributed throughout the CSFV viral protein sequences were able to induce specific T-cell responses in PBMCs from(More)
Classical swine fever (CSF) is a severe hemorrhagic disease of swine caused by the pestivirus CSF virus (CSFV). Amino acid exchanges or deletions introduced by site-directed mutagenesis into the putative active site of the RNase residing in the glycoprotein E(rns) of CSFV abolished the enzymatic activity of this protein, as demonstrated with an RNase test(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the immunomodulatory effects of IL-12, IL-18 and CD154 (CD40 ligand, CD40L) in DNA-vaccination against the classical swine fever virus. Four recombinant plasmids were constructed including the CSFV coding region for the glycoprotein gp55/E2 alone or together with porcine IL-12, IL-18 or CD154 genes. Five groups of four(More)
Borna disease virus (BDV) causes acute and persistent infections in various vertebrates. During recent years, BDV-specific serum antibodies, BDV antigen, and BDV-specific nucleic acid were found in humans suffering from psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, viral antigen was detected in human autopsy brain tissue by immunohistochemical staining. Whether BDV(More)
Alpine Mycobacterium caprae isolates found in cattle and red deer display at least three genetic variations in the region of difference four (RD4) that can be used for further differentiation of the isolates into the subtypes 'Allgäu', 'Karwendel' and 'Lechtal'. Each genomic subtype is thereby characterized by a specific nucleotide deletion pattern in the(More)