Mathias Baumert

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Methods from nonlinear dynamics (NLD) have shown new insights into heart rate (HR) variability changes under various physiological and pathological conditions, providing additional prognostic information and complementing traditional time- and frequency-domain analyses. In this review, some of the most prominent indices of nonlinear and fractal dynamics are(More)
OBJECTIVES Ventricular tachycardia (VT) provoking sudden cardiac death (SCD) are a major cause of mortality in the developed countries. The most efficient therapy for SCD prevention are implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD). In this study heart rate variability (HRV) measures were analyzed for short-term forecasting of VT in order to improve VT(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To investigate the association between indices of sleep spindle activity and cognitive performance in a sample of healthy children. DESIGN Correlational. Intelligence (Stanford-Binet) and neurocognitive functioning (NEPSY) were assessed, with sleep variables being measured during overnight polysomnography. SETTING Hospital sleep(More)
A challenge for physiologists and neuroscientists is to map information transfer between components of the systems that they study at different scales, in order to derive important knowledge on structure and function from the analysis of the recorded dynamics. The components of physiological networks often interact in a nonlinear way and through mechanisms(More)
Hypertensive pregnancy disorders are a leading cause of perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Heart rate variability (HRV), blood pressure variability (BPV), and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) are relevant predictors of cardiovascular risk in humans. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether HRV, BPV, and BRS differ between distinct hypertensive(More)
Pregnancy induces important changes in the autonomic control. Measures of heart rate (HR) variability and systolic blood pressure (SP) variability are sensitive to those changes. The interactions between HR and SP are complex and strongly non-linear. Therefore they cannot be completely described by linear analysis techniques. A study of joint symbolic(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of abruptly intensified physical training on cardiovascular control. DESIGN Retrospective longitudinal study. SETTING Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Ten healthy athletes (5 men and 5 women) from track and field as well as triathlon. INTERVENTIONS A 2-week training camp, including daily stepwise increasing cycling(More)
Cardiac and respiratory rhythms reveal transient phases of phase-locking which were proposed to be an important aspect of cardiorespiratory interaction. The aim of this study was to quantify cardio-respiratory phase-locking in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We investigated overnight polysomnography data of 248 subjects with suspected OSA. Cardiorespiratory(More)
Multiscale entropy (MSE) analysis provides information about complexity on various time scales. The aim of this study was to test whether MSE is able to detect autonomic dysregulation in young patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). We analyzed heart rate (HR) oscillations, systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) signals in 14 patients with DM type(More)
Changes in measures of heart rate variability (HRV) have been associated with an increased risk for sudden cardiac death. The mechanisms underlying this association are not known. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between the amount of norepinephrine (NE) released from the cardiac sympathetic terminals and short-term HRV. The study(More)