Mathew Wang

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The isolated forearm technique (IFT) enables an otherwise paralysed patient to communicate awareness to the anaesthetist. We present a debate that focuses on how best to interpret IFT responses. On one side, Pandit argues that there is a range of response types from none through to movement initiated by the patient to alert the researcher. He also presents(More)
Using the isolated forearm technique (IFT), we wished to determine if patients known to be unresponsive to commands during general anaesthesia with nitrous oxide, halothane and neuromuscular blocking agents had any evidence of explicit or implicit recall. Two groups of women, studied in a single-blind sequential block design, heard different tapes, either a(More)
While using the isolated forearm technique, we wished to determine whether patients who did not respond to commands during general anaesthesia with a total intravenous technique (propofol and alfentanil with atracurium) had any evidence of post-operative explicit or implicit memory. Forty women undergoing major gynaecological surgery were randomized, in a(More)
be considered an investigational method and is definitely not suitable for deployment. The encouragement in the NAP5 report of IFT training and its apparent elevation to equal status with pEEG, may lead to well-meaning but potentially harmful clinical experimentation, with unknown consequences for patients. Although a tourniquet may be safely inflated for a(More)
OBJECTIVE It is reported that the electromyogram is an indicator of patient arousal during pain stimulation if anesthesia is inadequate. This may not be true during recovery from succinylcholine induced paralysis. We evaluated State entropy of the electroencephalogram (EEG, 0.8-32 Hz) and Response entropy, a combined measure of the electromyogram (EMG) and(More)
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