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The impact of hypertension on left ventricular (LV) structure, pump function, and heart failure in Dahl salt-sensitive rats is poorly characterized but hypothesized to yield insights into the pathophysiology of heart failure with normal or preserved ejection fraction. Eighty Dahl salt-sensitive rats were fed either a high-salt (HS) or low-salt (LS,(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus is common among elderly persons, with several potential complications that could contribute to falls. However, diabetes mellitus is not widely recognized as an important risk factor for falls among elderly persons. Accordingly, the purpose of the current study was to determine whether diabetes is an independent risk factor for(More)
Whereas end-systolic and end-diastolic pressure-volume relations (ESPVR, EDPVR) characterize left ventricular (LV) pump properties, clinical utility of these relations has been hampered by the need for invasive measurements over a range of pressure and volumes. We propose a single-beat approach to estimate the whole EDPVR from one measured volume-pressure(More)
BACKGROUND Transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis is a rare, life-threatening, systemic, autosomal dominant condition occurring in adults, with two main forms: hereditary (associated with TTR gene mutations) and wild-type. Studies indicate considerable heterogeneity in disease presentation, with predominantly polyneuropathic, predominantly cardiac, or mixed(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate left ventricular (LV) size and structure in elderly subjects with hypertension (HTN) and heart failure who have a normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) in a large population-based sample. BACKGROUND The pathophysiology of HFNEF is incompletely understood but is generally attributed to LV diastolic(More)
BACKGROUND Daily measurements of left atrial pressure (LAP) may be useful for guiding adjustments in medical therapy that prevent clinical decompensation in patients with severe heart failure (HF). STUDY DESIGN LAPTOP-HF is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial in ambulatory patients with advanced heart failure in which the(More)
BACKGROUND Differentiating immunoglobulin light-chain (AL) from transthyretin-related cardiac amyloidoses (ATTR) is imperative given implications for prognosis, therapy, and genetic counseling. We validated the discriminatory ability of (99m)Tc-pyrophosphate ((99m)Tc-PYP) scintigraphy in AL versus ATTR. METHODS AND RESULTS Forty-five subjects (12 AL, 16(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to evaluate the impact of frailty in older adults undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for symptomatic aortic stenosis. BACKGROUND Frailty status impacts prognosis in older adults with heart disease; however, the impact of frailty on prognosis after TAVR is unknown. METHODS Gait speed, grip strength,(More)
BACKGROUND In the transcatheter aortic valve replacement era, characterization of functional status in older adults with aortic stenosis (AS) is essential. Gait speed (GS) is emerging as a marker of frailty and predictor of outcomes in older adults undergoing cardiovascular intervention. The objective of this study was to delineate the prevalence of slow(More)
BACKGROUND Anergia (lack of energy) is a newly delineated, criterion-based geriatric syndrome. Because heart failure (HF) is a common chronic condition among older adults and a because a cardinal symptom of HF is reduced energy, we characterized the degree of anergia in subjects with HF and evaluated its relevance to disease severity, functional(More)