Mathew S Maurer

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OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate left ventricular (LV) size and structure in elderly subjects with hypertension (HTN) and heart failure who have a normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) in a large population-based sample. BACKGROUND The pathophysiology of HFNEF is incompletely understood but is generally attributed to LV diastolic(More)
Whereas end-systolic and end-diastolic pressure-volume relations (ESPVR, EDPVR) characterize left ventricular (LV) pump properties, clinical utility of these relations has been hampered by the need for invasive measurements over a range of pressure and volumes. We propose a single-beat approach to estimate the whole EDPVR from one measured volume-pressure(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus is common among elderly persons, with several potential complications that could contribute to falls. However, diabetes mellitus is not widely recognized as an important risk factor for falls among elderly persons. Accordingly, the purpose of the current study was to determine whether diabetes is an independent risk factor for(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to evaluate the impact of frailty in older adults undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for symptomatic aortic stenosis. BACKGROUND Frailty status impacts prognosis in older adults with heart disease; however, the impact of frailty on prognosis after TAVR is unknown. METHODS Gait speed, grip strength,(More)
BACKGROUND Transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis is a rare, life-threatening, systemic, autosomal dominant condition occurring in adults, with two main forms: hereditary (associated with TTR gene mutations) and wild-type. Studies indicate considerable heterogeneity in disease presentation, with predominantly polyneuropathic, predominantly cardiac, or mixed(More)
Heart failure with a normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) predominantly afflicts older, female individuals and is considered to be a consequence of diastolic dysfunction. Doppler echocardiography has become the standard method for identifying and characterizing diastolic function. However, the important distinction between Doppler measures of filling dynamics(More)
The impact of hypertension on left ventricular (LV) structure, pump function, and heart failure in Dahl salt-sensitive rats is poorly characterized but hypothesized to yield insights into the pathophysiology of heart failure with normal or preserved ejection fraction. Eighty Dahl salt-sensitive rats were fed either a high-salt (HS) or low-salt (LS,(More)
BACKGROUND Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is traditionally defined as a decline in systolic or diastolic blood pressure of >20 or >10 mm Hg, respectively, after 1 or 3 minutes of upright posture. OH is common in the elderly, but has not been consistently demonstrated to be an independent risk factor for falls in nursing home residents. Previous studies have(More)
AIMS The relationship of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) to incident heart failure (HF) not attributable to myocardial infarction (MI) has not been defined. We assessed whether LVH is an independent predictor of MI-independent HF. METHODS AND RESULTS LVH was assessed by echocardiographic LV mass index (in g/m2.7) and excess of LV mass (eLVM, in % of(More)
2422 Since the initial scientific statement on Secondary Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) in the Elderly was published in 2002, several trends have continued that make an update highly appropriate. First, the graying of the US population and those of other industrialized countries has progressed unabated because more adults are surviving into(More)