Mathew M. Avram

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White and brown adipose tissues, both present to some degree in all mammals, represent counter actors in energy metabolism. One of the primary functions of white adipocytes is to store excess energy as lipid, which is then mobilized to other tissues in response to metabolic needs that arise in times of food shortage. White adipocyte physiology can be(More)
In recent years, our understanding of adipose tissue physiology and function has undergone an enormous transformation. Once considered a passive storage receptacle with a fixed number of cells and limited purpose, adipose tissue is now recognized as a complicated organ with important endocrine and metabolic functions. It is now known that both increased and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE We showed previously that pulsed dye laser (PDL) is a potentially effective therapy for BCCs <15 mm on trunk and extremities. To follow-up, we conducted a study based on optimized parameters and expanded the duration of the study to at least 1 year after treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fourteen patients with 20 biopsy-proven BCCs(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Cryolipolysis is a unique non-invasive method for the selective reduction of fat cells with controlled, localized cooling. It is important, therefore, to understand the potential efficacy and safety of this new procedure for fat layer reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS A review of the literature associated with cryolipolysis was(More)
The quest for effective strategies to treat obesity has propelled fat research into an exploration of the molecular processes that drive adipocyte formation, and hence body fat mass. The development of obesity is dependent on the coordinated interplay of adipocyte hypertrophy (increased fat cell size), adipocyte hyperplasia (increased fat cell number), and(More)
BACKGROUND Nonablative fractional photothermolysis has revolutionized the way we treat a number of common skin conditions with laser technology. OBJECTIVE A comprehensive guide is needed for clinicians using this technology to treat specific skin conditions in various skin types. MATERIALS AND METHODS Recommendations were made from a recent round table(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Onychomycosis is a common fungal infection that affects many individuals. Systemic therapies are effective, but are limited by their side effects and potential for hepatotoxicity. Topical therapies have less serious side effects, yet provide only limited efficacy due to their inability to penetrate the nail plate. These limitations(More)
BACKGROUND Ablative fractional carbon dioxide (CO(2)) laser treatments have gained popularity due to their efficacy, shortened downtime, and decreased potential for scarring in comparison to traditional ablative CO(2) resurfacing. To date, scarring with fractional CO(2) lasers has not been reported. OBJECTIVE Five patients treated with the same fractional(More)
BACKGROUND Endocrine mucin-producing sweat gland carcinoma is a very rare cutaneous tumor that has been reported only in three patients previously. We report a case of an endocrine mucin-producing sweat gland carcinoma associated with mucinous carcinoma treated by Mohs' micrographic surgery. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this report is to test the utility of(More)
BACKGROUND Cellulite describes the cutaneous dimpling of the thighs, buttocks, and hips that is seen predominately in women. Current evidence suggests that structural differences in fat architecture between the sexes account for its appearance. Mesotherapy, a method of delivering medication locally with the use of numerous cutaneous injections, has recently(More)