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It has been proposed that movements to visible and remembered targets are sensitive to qualitatively different types of visual information. When the target is continuously visible, prehensile movements are thought to reflect veridical object size, whereas memory-dependent prehension is sensitive to the perceived size of the object. This hypothesis was(More)
Different neural systems underlie the evaluation of different types of errors. Recent electroencephalographic evidence suggests that outcome errors -- errors indicating the failure to achieve a movement goal -- are evaluated within medial-frontal cortex (Krigolson and Holroyd 2006, 2007a, b). Conversely, evidence from a variety of manual aiming studies has(More)
The present study was designed to examine the frequency and severity of apraxia in patients with left- or right-hemisphere stroke in both pantomime and imitation conditions and to compare the frequency of apraxia in each stroke group across the three patterns of apraxia described in Roy's model (Roy, 1996). Ninety-nine stroke patients and 15 age-matched(More)
We tested the hypothesis that a highly accurate target representation is available to the visuomotor system in brief (< 2 s) delay conditions. Participants reached to single midsagittal targets (20, 25, 30, 35, 40 cm amplitude) in full vision, open-loop and delay conditions (500, 1,000, 1,500 or 2,000 ms). Radial endpoint error was significantly greater for(More)
Sixteen right-handed male adults performed a pointing task without vision. The participant's arm was moved passively to one of four targets which was subsequently pointed to following a delay of 1, 2, or 10 s. Our previous research on visual memory for target location showed a rapid decay which was comparable for both hands. The present study of memory for(More)
The study of cerebral specialization in persons with Down syndrome (DS) has revealed an anomalous pattern of organization. Specifically, dichotic listening studies (e.g., Elliott & Weeks, 1993) have suggested a left ear/right hemisphere dominance for speech perception for persons with DS. In the current investigation, the cerebral dominance for speech(More)
The production of transitive limb gestures is optimized when the appropriate tool can be physically manipulated. Little research has addressed the independent contributions of visual and nonvisual sources of sensory information to this phenomenon. In this study, 12 control, 37 LHD, and 50 RHD stroke patients performed transitive limb gestures to pantomime(More)
The model of apraxia proposed by Roy (1996) states that three patterns of apraxia should be observed across pantomime and imitation conditions. In the present analysis the frequency and severity of each pattern of apraxia were examined in a consecutive sample of left-(LHD) and right-hemisphere-damaged (RHD) patients during the production of intransitive(More)
A single experiment involving 5600 discrete aiming trials with the left hand and 560 trials with the right hand designed to track the kinematic changes associated with left hand practice is reported. In general, performance data revealed that following practice movement time of the left hand achieved a level of performance similar to that of the right.(More)
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