Mathew A Sherman

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Amid controversy, the cellular form of the prion protein PrP(c) has been proposed to mediate oligomeric amyloid-β (Aβ)-induced deficits. In contrast, there is consistent evidence that the Src kinase Fyn is activated by Aβ oligomers and leads to synaptic and cognitive impairment in transgenic animals. However, the molecular mechanism by which soluble Aβ(More)
Soluble forms of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) are a molecular focus in Alzheimer's disease research. Soluble Aβ dimers (≈8 kDa), trimers (≈12 kDa), tetramers (≈16 kDa) and Aβ*56 (≈56 kDa) have shown biological activity. These Aβ molecules have been derived from diverse sources, including chemical synthesis, transfected cells, and mouse and human brain, leading to(More)
Alzheimer's disease begins about two decades before the onset of symptoms or neuron death, and is believed to be caused by pathogenic amyloid-β aggregates that initiate a cascade of molecular events culminating in widespread neurodegeneration. The microtubule binding protein tau may mediate the effects of amyloid-β in this cascade. Amyloid plaques comprised(More)
Recent evidence has emphasized soluble species of amyloid-β (Aβ) and tau as pathogenic effectors in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Despite the fact that Aβ, tau, and α-synuclein (αSyn) can promote each other's aggregation, the potential contribution of soluble αSyn to AD pathogenesis is unknown. Here, we found an approximate twofold increase over controls in(More)
Since its original description in 1906 by Dr Alois Alzheimer, amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles have remained the hypothetical cause of Alzheimer's disease. However, plaque burden poorly predicts cognitive status in humans, which led several groups to investigate the possibility that soluble species of amyloid-beta (Aβ) peptides could be playing(More)
An unresolved debate in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is whether amyloid plaques are pathogenic, causing overt physical disruption of neural circuits, or protective, sequestering soluble forms of amyloid-β (Aβ) that initiate synaptic damage and cognitive decline. Few animal models of AD have been capable of isolating the relative contribution made by soluble and(More)
Transgenic mouse models that independently express mutations in amyloid precursor protein (APP) and tau have proven useful for the study of the neurological consequences of amyloid-beta (Abeta) plaque and neurofibrillary tangle pathologies. Studies using these mice have yielded essential discoveries with regard to specific aspects of neuronal dysfunction(More)
The amyloid precursor protein (APP) undergoes sequential cleavages to generate various polypeptides, including the amyloid-beta protein (Abeta), which forms amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD), secreted APPalpha (sAPPalpha) which enhances memory, and the APP intracellular domain (AICD), which has been implicated in the regulation of gene(More)
Oligomeric forms of amyloid-forming proteins are believed to be the principal initiating bioactive species in many neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers are implicated in AD-associated phosphorylation and aggregation of the microtubule-associated protein tau. To investigate the specific molecular pathways(More)