Matheus Lavorenti Rocha

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AIMS Following sinoaortic denervation (SAD), isolated rat aortas present oscillatory contractions and demonstrate a heightened contraction for alpha-adrenergic agonists. Our aim was to verify the effects of SAD on connexin43 (Cx43) expression and phenylephrine-induced contraction in isolated aortas. METHODS AND RESULTS Three days after surgery (SAD or(More)
The perivascular nerve network expresses a Ca2+ receptor that is activated by high extracellular Ca2+ concentrations and causes vasorelaxation in resistance arteries. We have verified the influence of perivascular nerve fibers on the Ca2+-induced relaxation in aortic rings. To test our hypothesis, either pre-contracted aortas isolated from rats after(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Aspidosperma subincanum is a medicinal herb that is known to be useful for the treatment of cardiovascular-related illnesses. However, its effects and pharmacological mechanisms of action have not been studied. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of an ethanol extract of Aspidosperma subincanum (EEAS) on(More)
Sinoaortic deafferentation (SAD) is characterized by arterial pressure lability, without sustained hypertension. Although SAD rats did not become hypertensive, their isolated aortas exhibit RCs. We have investigated whether these RCs are influenced by endothelium. Aortic rings were placed in an organ chamber, and the frequency and amplitude of the RCs were(More)
1. The spontaneous variation of blood pressure is defined as arterial pressure lability. Sinoaortic denervation (SAD) is characterized by arterial pressure lability without sustained hypertension. 2. The phenomenon of spontaneous oscillatory contractions (SOCs) occurs more frequently in the vascular beds of hypertensive animals. In large arteries, such as(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been demonstrated to be the primary agent in relaxing airways in humans and animals. We investigated the mechanisms involved in the relaxation induced by NO-donors, ruthenium complex [Ru(terpy)(bdq)NO(+)](3+) (TERPY) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) in isolated trachea of rats contracted with carbachol in an isolated organs chamber. For(More)
Experiments were carried out to investigate the heart rate of Synbranchus marmoratus after changing the temperature of the water contained in the experimental chamber of the acclimated fish (from 25 to 35 degrees C and from 25 to 15 degrees C). Then, an isometric cardiac muscle preparation was used to test the relative importance of Ca(2+) released from the(More)
The redox behavior of commercial roasted coffee products were evaluated by electroanalysis, whereas high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used for determination of cinnamic acid markers, the total phenolic content (TPC) was achieved by Folin-Ciocalteu assay, and the traditional DPPH (1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) method for antioxidant power(More)
Sinoaortic denervated (SAD) rats present arterial pressure lability without sustained hypertension. We investigated the relation between sinoaortic denervation and the occurrence of oscillatory contractions in SAD rat aortas, as well as the effect of various K(+) channel modulators on these oscillations. Aortas were removed and concentration-effect curves(More)
NO is a potent bronchodilator and NO-donor compounds have demonstrated clinical significance for obstructive airway diseases. This study evaluated the relaxation mechanisms of two NO donors, a ruthenium compound (TERPY), and sodium nitroprusside (SNP), in rat tracheas with ovalbumin-induced asthma (OVA group) and in another control group. The effect of(More)