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In a randomized, observer-blinded trial, the effectiveness of 3-month high-intensity training (HIT) of the isolated lumbar extensors was compared to low-intensity training (LIT). Eighty-one workers with nonspecific low back pain longer than 12 weeks were randomly assigned to either of the two training programs. Training sessions were performed on a modified(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between the child-care environment and physical activity of 2- and 3-year-olds. Based on an ecological view of environmental influences on health behavior, we hypothesized that the social and physical environment, as well as child characteristics (age and gender), would show independent and interactive effects on(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigates the effects of emotion-oriented care on the behavior of elderly people with cognitive impairment and behavioral problems. This approach is mainly based on the validation approach, but also uses insights from other approaches like reminiscence and sensory stimulation. METHODS 16 Homes for the aged with structured day care(More)
We studied the contributions of parental fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption, availability and accessibility of F&V in the home, exposure to F&V, and habit, in addition to psychosocial factors, in explaining F&V consumption in 4-12-year-old children. Furthermore, we looked for effect modification by ethnicity and gender. Children's parents (n = 1739)(More)
The European Smoking Prevention Framework Approach (ESFA) resulted in a smoking prevention project for six European countries. It included activities on four levels: adolescents, schools, parents and out-of-school activities. Common goals and objectives were developed, but countries were also able to include additional objectives. National diversities(More)
BACKGROUND More knowledge is needed regarding the effectiveness of weight gain prevention programmes. The present study tested the 12-and 24-month effectiveness of the 'Netherlands Research programme weight Gain prevention' (NHF-NRG)-In Balance-project, a worksite-based intervention aimed at the prevention of weight gain. METHODS Twelve worksites (n = 553(More)
To our knowledge, no studies have analyzed the influence of annual audit and feedback on the prevalence rates of malnutrition. This study analyzes the trend of malnutrition prevalence rates between 2004 and 2007 and the effects of previous audits and feedback from the annual Dutch National Prevalence Measurement of Care Problems (LPZ) and the effect of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether smoking onset in young adolescents is predicted by peer or parental smoking. DESIGN Longitudinal design with one pretest and one follow-up at 12 months. SETTING Schools in Finland, Denmark, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Spain and Portugal. PARTICIPANTS 7102 randomly selected adolescents from six countries. Mean age(More)
OBJECTIVES A randomized controlled trial was conducted on the effects of emotion-oriented care on professional caregivers in homes for elderly persons. Emotion-oriented care is used in the care for cognitively impaired elderly persons and is mainly based on the validation approach. METHODS Sixteen homes for the aged were randomly allocated to an(More)
BACKGROUND Large discrepancies between people's intention to eat a healthy diet and actual dietary behavior indicate that motivation is not a sufficient instigator for healthy behavior. Research efforts to decrease this 'intention - behavior gap' have centered on aspects of self-regulation, most importantly self-regulatory planning. Most studies on the(More)