Math J. H. Geelen

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We investigated the composition of fatty acids in adipose tissue, serum, and liver of cows that were fed at restricted energy intake or were overfed during the dry period. Overfed cows had higher concentrations of serum nonesterified fatty acids and consequently accumulated greater amounts of triacylglycerols in the liver than did cows that were fed at(More)
The hypothesis tested was that dietary medium-chain or (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids, when compared with (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids, alter plasma triacylglycerol levels by affecting hepatic triacylglycerol synthesis as reflected by the activities of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, fatty acid synthase and diacylglycerol acyltransferase in liver. In two(More)
During the dry period, cows were either fed restricted amounts or were overfed to study lipolytic rates in adipose tissue. Higher lipolytic rates can result in greater accumulation of triacylglycerols in liver and, subsequently, hepatic lipidosis. Adipose tissue was biopsied at -1, 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 wk from parturition. The basal in vitro lipolytic rate was(More)
In the present study the effects of some C18 fatty acids on hepatic fatty acid metabolism have been compared. Male rats were fed cholesterol-free diets containing either C18:0, C18:1 cis or C18:1 trans isomers as the variables. In accordance with previous work, oleic acid in the diet caused an increase in cholesterol concentration in the liver and in the(More)
The effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on body composition and energy metabolism was investigated in broiler chickens. Male broiler chicks were assigned to receive either a control diet (1 % sunflower oil) or a diet containing CLA (1 % of a 1:1 mixture of trans-10, cis-12 and cis-9, trans-11 isomers of octadecadienoic acid). The diets were fed(More)
The citrate carrier (CiC), a nuclear-encoded protein located in the mitochondrial inner membrane, is a member of the mitochondrial carrier family. CiC plays an important role in hepatic lipogenesis, which is responsible for the efflux of acetyl-CoA from the mitochondria to the cytosol in the form of citrate, the primer for fatty acid and cholesterol(More)
Antisera against rat heart and liver fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) were applied in Western blotting analysis and ELISA to assess their tissue and intracellular distribution, and the influence of development, physiological conditions and several agents on the FABP content of tissue cytosols. The data obtained are compared with the oleic acid-binding(More)
The present work was undertaken to study the metabolism of fatty acids with trans double bonds by rat hepatocytes. In liver mitochondria, elaidoyl-CoA was a poorer substrate for carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT-I) than oleoyl-CoA. Likewise, incubation, of hepatocytes with oleic acid produced a more pronounced stimulation of CPT-I than incubation with(More)
Fatty acids induce apoptosis in primary astrocytes by enhancing ceramide synthesis de novo. The possible role of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in the control of apoptosis was studied in this model. Long-term stimulation of AMPK with 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR) prevented apoptosis. AICAR blunted fatty acid-mediated(More)