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An infertile couple was referred for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) because of primary infertility and oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT) in the male. It was observed that although the sperm cells presented with an unusual head size and multiple tails they were able to fertilize the oocytes after ICSI. Subsequent molecular cytogenetic analysis(More)
Five couples at risk of producing offspring with X-linked recessive disease underwent in vitro fertilisation with a view to preimplantation determination of embryo sex and selective transfer of females. On day three postinsemination, one or two blastomeres were removed by embryo biopsy, and used for dual fluorescent in situ hybridisation with X and Y(More)
Human spermatozoa were studied with a nonradioactive in situ hybridization method. Using a chemically modified DNA probe and immunocytochemical reactions for visualization, it was possible to obtain hybridization signals in 31 of 32 semen samples. Positive hybridization reactions, depending on cell accessibility, varied from 40% to over 90% for the(More)
OBJECTIVE Construction of a prediction model to enable the selection of patients for elective single ET. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Fertility center in a tertiary referral university hospital. PATIENT(S) Six hundred forty-two women undergoing their first IVF treatment cycle in which no more than two embryos were transferred. (More)
BACKGROUND Male infertility due to severe oligozoospermia and azoospermia has been associated with a number of genetic risk factors. METHODS In this study 150 men from couples requesting ICSI were investigated for genetic abnormalities, such as constitutive chromosome abnormalities, microdeletions of the Y chromosome (AZF region) and mutations in the(More)
A nonradioactive in situ hybridization technique was applied to human gametes and abnormally fertilized or developed zygotes. Using haptenized chromosome-specific probes, visualization was obtained using immunocytochemistry to achieve a fluorescent stain on specific hybrids. Using a chromosome 1-specific DNA probe, almost all spermatozoa gave a positive(More)
New, very strict criteria were used after Diff-Quik staining for evaluating sperm morphology. The results of morphology scoring were correlated with the fertilization rate in vitro. Semen samples from 64 men participating in an in-vitro fertilization programme were used for this study. All men had to have a sperm concentration of greater than or equal to 20(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate implantation and pregnancy rates in patients undergoing IVF after the transfer of a maximum of two embryos that had been cultured for 3-5 days. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING An IVF laboratory at a tertiary referral university hospital. PATIENT(S) One thousand seven hundred eighty-seven couples who underwent their first IVF(More)
The effect of various taurine concentrations in modified Tyrode's medium on in vitro fertilization of mouse oocytes was examined. No significant difference in fertilization rate was found at concentrations of 0, 0.1, 1, 5, 10 and 20 mM taurine. In a second series of experiments, the effect of taurine on preimplantation embryonic development after(More)
Prenatal cytogenetic analysis of 71 fetuses conceived by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) resulted in the detection of nine (12.7%) chromosome aberrations including two cases of 47,XXY, four cases involving a 45,X cell line and three autosomal trisomies. Molecular analysis of the parental origin of the deleted or supernumerary chromosome was(More)