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Cytoplasmic crystalline inclusions are found in some larval haemocytes of Drosophila melanogaster. Blackening can be experimentally induced in these cells, and previously it was suggested that either the substrate or enzyme for the tyrosine-tyrosinase system leading to melanin production in Drosophila larvae is found in these inclusions in the crystal(More)
Light blue fluorescent globules accumulate in the cells of the anterior region of the fatbody of Drosophila larvae near the time of pupation. This fluorescent material appears in the Ore-R wild type strain as well as mutant strains in which the synthesis of both the red and brown eye pigments is affected. The vermilion mutant, which is characterized by the(More)
Two different structural classes of chemical signals in mouse urine, i.e., volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and the major urinary proteins (MUPs), interact closely because MUPs sequester VOCs. Although qualitative and/or quantitative differences in each chemical class have been reported, previous studies have examined only one of the classes at a time. No(More)
Evolve III is a discrete events model of an evolutionary ecosystem. The model includes three levels of organization: population, organism and genetic structure. Each of these components was modeled independently, so that selective replacement of subsystems can be used to create families of models capable of testing alternative hypotheses about the real(More)
This paper describes a system based on evolutionary learning, called MORPH, that semi-automates the generation of morphological programs. MORPH maintains a population of morphological programs that is continually enhanced. The first phase of each learning cycle synthesizes morphological sequences that extract novel features which increase the population's(More)
Mice release a variety of chemical signals, particularly through urine, which mediate social interactions and endocrine function. Studies have been conducted to investigate the stability of urinary chemosignals in mice. Neuroendocrine and behavioral responses of mice to urine samples of male and female conspecifics which have aged for different amounts of(More)