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A thorough understanding of the communications channel between vehicles is essential for realistic modeling of Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) and the development of related technology and applications. The impact of vehicles as obstacles on vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication has been largely neglected in VANET research, especially in simulations.(More)
Large-scale Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET) simulators by and large employ simple statistical channel models. By design, such models do not account for specific objects in the region of interest when estimating the channel. While computationally efficient, these models were shown to be unable to provide satisfactory accuracy on a link level for typical(More)
Channel models for vehicular networks typically disregard the effect of vehicles as physical obstructions for the wireless signal. We aim to clarify the validity of this simplification by quantifying the impact of obstructions through a series of wireless experiments. Using two cars equipped with Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) hardware designed(More)
We characterize the unicast performance available to applications in infrastructureless vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) in terms of connection duration, packet delivery ratio, end-to-end delay, and jitter in both highway and urban VANET environments. The results show the existence of several stringent QoS constraints for unicast applications in(More)
We analyze the properties of line of sight (LOS) channels in vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication. We use V2V measurements performed in open space, suburban, and urban environments. By separating LOS from non-LOS data, we show that a two-ray ground reflection path loss model with effective reflection coefficient range fits the LOS channels better than the(More)
We propose a probabilistic key distribution protocol for vehicular network that alleviates the burden of traditional public-key infrastructures. Roadside units act as trusted nodes and are used for secret-sharing among vehicles in their vicinity. Secure communication is immediately possible between these vehicles with high probability. Our performance(More)
Significant efforts and studies were recently reported for enabling active safety, traffic management, and commercial applications in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANET), since these applications are the drivers of the recent surge in VANET research and development. However, very few research efforts considered analyzing the Quality of Service (QoS) metrics(More)
One of the most challenging research issues in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) is how to efficiently relay messages between vehicles. We propose a heuristic that uses the physical dimensions of vehicles to help determine whether or not a vehicle is an appropriate next hop. We base the heuristic on the intuition that taller vehicles have an advantage over(More)
This paper presents work in progress on designing a transceiver model for realistic simulation of vehicular visible light communications (V2LC). We describe visible light communications (VLC) transceiver design and the most important operating procedures. We tested the VLC transceiver prototype design using a modified version of the 802.11 MAC protocol.(More)