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The nucleus incertus (NI) is a distinct cell group in caudoventral regions of the pontine periventricular gray, adjacent to the ventromedial border of the caudal dorsal tegmental nucleus. Recent interest in the NI stems from evidence that it represents one of the periventricular sites with the highest expression levels of mRNA encoding the type 1(More)
In the present study we examined, in rats exposed to a predator (cat), the distribution of neurons expressing Fos along the continuum formed by the central gray surrounding the caudal pole of the third ventricle and the periaqueductal gray (PAG). After the predatory encounter, a distinct cluster of Fos-immunoreactive cells was observed in the precommissural(More)
The study of the neural basis of predatory behavior has been largely neglected over the recent years. Using an ethologically based approach, we presently delineate the prosencephalic systems mobilized during predation by examining Fos immunoreactivity in rats performing insect hunting. These results were further compared with those obtained from animals(More)
The connections of the precomissural nucleus (PRC) have been examined with anterograde and retrograde axonal tracing methods in the rat. Experiments with cholera toxin B subunit (CTb) indicate that the PRC shares a number of common afferent sources with the dorsolateral periaqueductal gray (PAG). Thus, we have shown that the nucleus receives substantial(More)
Acute pancreatitis remains a disease of uncertain pathogenesis and no established specific therapy. Previously, we found a predominant increase and active proliferation of macrophages in the inflamed tissues of a rat duct-ligation pancreatitis model. To analyze the origin and possible role of these macrophages, we investigated their in situ cellular(More)
A technique is described for orthotopic reduced-size hepatic transplantation combined withex vivo liver cut down in the rat. Following perfusion of the donor liver with cold heparinized saline, the portal veins, bile ducts, and hepatic arteries to the median and left lobes together were dissectedin situ, encircled, and divided. After harvesting the donor(More)
We investigated the effects of the calcium-channel blocker verapamil hydrochloride on the production of cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant (CINC) following reperfusion injury in rat liver. Ischemia was induced for 30 min by portal vein occlusion. Animals were pretreated with intravenous injection of verapamil hydrochloride (2.5 mg/kg) 5 min before(More)
These experiments were undertaken to study the effects of cyclosporine A (CsA) on liver regeneration after an isogeneic orthotopic reduced-size hepatic transplantation (RSHT) in rats. Male Wistar rats were treated with or without a daily injection of CsA beginning 24 hr before surgery and were subjected to a 68% partial hepatectomy. A isogeneic orthotopic(More)
Hepatocyte transplantation may offer anattractive treatment for inborn errors of livermetabolism. However, factor(s) are required as stimulito induce proliferation of the limited number ofhepatocytes transplanted. The Eisai hyperbilirubinemic rat(EHBR) is a SpragueDawley (SD) mutant rat withconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. EHBRs have impairedcanalicular(More)
BACKGROUND Risk factors for catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) may change over time with progress in infection control. This study was undertaken to explore the current risk factors for CRBSIs in hospitalized patients. METHODS Adult patients with non-tunneled central venous catheters (CVCs) in 12 Japanese referral hospitals were(More)
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