Mat van Iterson

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OBJECTIVES It has become possible to image the human microcirculation at the bedside using sidestream dark field (SDF) imaging. This may help the clinician when correlation between global and microvascular hemodynamics may not be straightforward. Ketanserin, a serotonin and alpha-1 adrenoceptor antagonist, is used in some countries to treat elevated blood(More)
In this review, the regional heterogeneity of the oxygen supply-consumption ratio within the heart is discussed. This is an important functional parameter because it determines whether regions within the heart are normoxic or dysoxic. Although the heterogeneity of the supply side of oxygen has been primarily described by flow heterogeneity, the diffusional(More)
1. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between microvascular and venous oxygen pressures during haemorrhagic shock and resuscitation in the pig intestine. To this end microvascular PO2 (microPO2) was measured by quenching of Pd-porphyrin phosphorescence by oxygen and validated for the intestines. In addition, mesenteric venous blood(More)
OBJECTIVES Microcirculatory alterations are associated with adverse outcome in subsets of critically ill patients. The prevalence and significance of microcirculatory alterations in the general ICU population are unknown. We studied the prevalence of microcirculatory alterations in a heterogeneous ICU population and its predictive value in an integrative(More)
OBJECTIVE The behavior of the human microcirculation in the setting of cardiac arrest is largely unknown. Animal experiments have consistently revealed that global hemodynamics do not necessarily reflect microvascular perfusion. In addition, the time it takes for capillary blood flow to stop after the heart arrests is debated. Estimations range from 50(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, the hypothesis was tested that resuscitation with hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) affects the oxygenation of the microcirculation differently between and within organs. To this end, we tested the influence of the volume of an HBOC on the microcirculatory oxygenation of the heart and the gut serosa and mucosa in a porcine(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Anastomotic leakage after low anterior resection may be the result of poor vascular supply from the proximal anastomotic loop. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between colonic microvessel density and anastomotic breakdown. METHODOLOGY Between 2006 and 2009, a consecutive series of 81 patients underwent(More)
OBJECTIVES Possible benefits of pulsatile perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass often are attributed to enhanced microvascular flow. However, there is no evidence to support this in humans. Therefore, the authors assessed whether pulsatile perfusion alters human microvascular flow. DESIGN A prospective, randomized observational crossover study. (More)
BACKGROUND Disparity between the macro- and microcirculation is thought to occur as a result of (micro)vascular dysfunction in some types of shock. Whether this occurs during hemorrhagic shock, however, is unknown. We therefore investigated both macro- and microcirculatory variables in the heart as a vital organ and the gut as a nonvital organ. We(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine costs and effects of selective digestive tract decontamination (SDD) and selective oropharyngeal decontamination (SOD) as compared with standard care (ie, no SDD/SOD (SC)) from a healthcare perspective in Dutch Intensive Care Units (ICUs). DESIGN A post hoc analysis of a previously performed cluster-randomised trial (NEJM(More)