Matías A. Avila

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Liver-specific and nonliver-specific methionine adenosyltransferases (MATs) are products of two genes, MAT1A and MAT2A, respectively, that catalyze the formation of S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet), the principal biological methyl donor. Mature liver expresses MAT1A, whereas MAT2A is expressed in extrahepatic tissues and is induced during liver growth and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS It has been known for at least 50 years that alterations in methionine metabolism occur in human liver cirrhosis. However, the molecular basis of this alteration is not completely understood. In order to gain more insight into the mechanisms behind this condition, mRNA levels of methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT1A), glycine(More)
Genome sequence analysis reveals that all organisms synthesize S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) and that a large fraction of all genes is AdoMet-dependent methyltransferases. AdoMet-dependent methylation has been shown to be central to many biological processes. Up to 85% of all methylation reactions and as much as 48% of methionine metabolism occur in the(More)
The effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) on the differentiation of avian cochleovestibular ganglion and their possible association with the hydrolysis of glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI) were studied. BDNF and NT-3 (2 ng/ml) promoted neurite outgrowth in explants of both cochlear and vestibular ganglia. This(More)
Liver-specific and non-liver-specific methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT) are products of two genes, MAT1A and MAT2A, respectively, that catalyze the formation of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM). We previously showed that MAT2A expression was associated with more rapid cell growth. Changes in MAT expression have not been examined in animal models of alcoholic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Of the 2 genes (MAT1A, MAT2A) encoding methionine adenosyltransferase, the enzyme that synthesizes S-adenosylmethionine, MAT1A, is expressed in liver, whereas MAT2A is expressed in extrahepatic tissues. In liver, MAT2A expression associates with growth, dedifferentiation, and cancer. Here, we identified the beta subunit as a regulator of(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury associated with hepatic resections and liver transplantation remains a serious complication in clinical practice, in spite of several attempts to solve the problem. AIMS To evaluate the response of the hepatocyte to ischemia METHODS Published data are thus revised. RESULTS The response of the hepatocyte to(More)
A connection between inflammation and cancer has been long suspected. Epidemiological studies have established that many tumors occur in association with chronic infectious diseases, and it is also known that persistent inflammation in the absence of infections increases the risk and accelerates the development of cancer. One clear example of(More)
In mammals, methionine metabolism occurs mainly in the liver via methionine adenosyltransferase-catalyzed conversion to S-adenosylmethionine. Of the two genes that encode methionine adenosyltransferase(MAT1Aand MAT2A), MAT1A is mainly expressed in adult liver whereas MAT2A is expressed in all extrahepatic tissues. Mice lacking MAT1A have reduced hepatic(More)