Masuo Yamaoka

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Most prostate cancers (PCs) become resistant to combined androgen blockade therapy with surgical or medical castration and antiandrogens after several years. Some of these refractory PCs regress after discontinuation of antiandrogen administration [antiandrogen withdrawal syndrome (AWS)]. Although the molecular mechanisms of the AWS are not fully understood(More)
A novel naphthylmethylimidazole derivative 1 and its related compounds were identified as 17,20-lyase inhibitors. Based on the structure-activity relationship around the naphthalene scaffold and the results of a docking study of 1a in the homology model of 17,20-lyase, the 6,7-dihydro-5H-pyrrolo[1,2-c]imidazole derivative (+)-3c was synthesized and(More)
BACKGROUND Some mutations of androgen receptor (AR) confer resistance to antiandrogen to prostate cancer (PC) cells. Previously we reported that LNCaP-cxD2 cells established from androgen-dependent LNCaP-FGC PC cells as an antiandrogen bicalutamide-resistant subline harbor W741C/L mutation in the AR gene. In this report, we examined one possible mechanism(More)
The effect of the potent angiogenesis inhibitor 0-(chloroacetyl-carbamoyllfumagillol (TNP-470), a semisynthetic analogue of fumagillin, on tumor growth and metastasis was studied using rodent tumors. Injection of TNP-470 s.c. inhibited tumor growth in a dose-dependent manner, and the tumor sizes of B16BL6 melanoma, M5076 reticulum cell sarcoma, Lewis lung(More)
Surgical or pharmacologic methods to control gonadal androgen biosynthesis are effective approaches in the treatment of a variety of non-neoplastic and neoplastic diseases. For example, androgen ablation and its consequent reduction in circulating levels of testosterone is an effective therapy for advanced prostate cancers. Unfortunately, the therapeutic(More)
Bone metastasis is commonly found in prostate cancer (PC) patients. Although the mechanisms for the recurrence of bone metastasis-derived PC during medical or surgical castration therapy are still unclear because of the lack of suitable experimental models, one hypothesis is that enhanced androgen receptor (AR) signaling causes androgen-refractory PC(More)
The mechanisms of docetaxel resistance in PC (prostate cancer) are unclear because of the lack of suitable experimental models, and no effective treatment exists for docetaxel-resistant PC. We established a docetaxel-resistant cell line, LNDCr, from an androgen-refractory PC cell line, LNCaP-hr, by intermittent exposure to docetaxel in vitro. The LNDCr(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in males in the United States, and the second leading cause of cancer death. Initially, most cases of prostate cancer respond well to hormone therapy; however, resistance often develops rapidly, leading to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Several mechanisms for castration resistance have been(More)
A series of 1- and 4-(2-naphthylmethyl)-1H-imidazoles (3 and 4) has been synthesized and evaluated as C(17,20)-lyase inhibitors. Several 6-methoxynaphthyl derivatives showed potent C(17,20)-lyase inhibition, suppression of testosterone biosynthesis in rats and reduction in the weight of prostate and seminal vesicles in rats, whereas most of these compounds(More)
To develop effective drugs for hypogonadism, sarcopenia, and cachexia, we designed, synthesized, and evaluated selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) that exhibit not only anabolic effects on organs such as muscles and the central nervous system (CNS) but also neutral or antagonistic effects on the prostate. Based on the information obtained from a(More)