Masuo Nakamura

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OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN The histone acetylation processes, which are believed to play a critical role in the regulation of many inflammatory genes, are reversible and regulated by histone acetyltransferases (HATs), which promote acetylation, and histone deacetylases (HDACs), which promote deacetylation. We studied the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports have suggested an involvement of neutrophilic inflammation driven by interleukin (IL)-17 from Th17 cells, especially in severe, refractory asthma. It remains unknown about the possible interactions of this cytokine and other proinflammatory cytokines to direct neutrophilic airway inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS We evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES To improve clinical outcomes of the initial therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease, intragastric pH should be above 4.0 for more than 20 hours a day (83.3%) and nocturnal gastric acid breakthrough, defined as 60 continuous minutes of intragastric pH below 4.0 at night, should be inhibited. A "step-down" therapy sometimes fails(More)
Lafutidine, a newly developed histamine H2-receptor antagonist, inhibits daytime (i.e., postprandial) as well as nighttime gastric acid secretion in clinical studies. It also has gastroprotective activity that particularly affects mucosal blood flow in rats. This study focused on the efficacy of lafutidine on plasma concentrations of gastrointestinal(More)
Rabeprazole achieves more potent acid suppression than other proton pump inhibitors. Therefore it is administered at reduced as well as high dosages in eradication therapy for Helicobacter pylori; however, there is incomplete assessment of the efficacy of a reduced dosage of rabeprazole as might be employed in therapy. In this study, we evaluated(More)
In the pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gastric acid is considered to be one of the most important factors, but little is known about the degree of gastric acid secretion in GERD patients. In this study, we evaluated it in GERD patients and control subjects by 24-h intragastric pH, and serological and histological investigations, in(More)
Context: In management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), excellent biomarkers for inflammation would be helpful in our practice. Objectives: Kinetics of c-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid A (SAA) was characterized, using their biologic half-life times. Materials and methods: Time course of CRP and SAA levels in the successfully treated 36 CAP(More)
UNLABELLED Procalcitonin (PCT), a calcitonin precursor, is commonly measured in the setting of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). However, the clinical significance of serial PCT changes has not been established. We conducted a prospective observational study of 122 patients with CAP. Thirty-day mortality was the primary endpoint. Secondary endpoints(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Interleukin (IL)-10 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine, but its role in cigarette smoke (CS)-induced inflammation and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of IL-10 deficiency on CS-induced pulmonary inflammation in mice in vivo and in vitro. (More)