Masunori Funauchi

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Lupus nephritis is a major manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. Treatment with such immunosuppressive agents as corticosteroids or cyclophosphamide can decrease the progression of lupus nephritis; however, these agents have potentially severe adverse reactions. Therefore, the development of new drugs with fewer side effects is needed. Here, we(More)
The proportion of the lymphocytes which produce the cytokines corresponding to murine T helper- (Th1) or Th2 cells was studied using flow cytometry in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). When the peripheral mononuclear cells were stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate and ionomycin in the presence of monensin, which blocks the secretion of cytokines, the(More)
BACKGROUND Retinoic acids, a group of natural and synthetic vitamin A derivatives, have potent anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic properties. We investigated the therapeutic effect of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) on unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) model mice. METHODS First, to evaluate the prophylactic effect, we administered(More)
Here we evaluated whether 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) have beneficial effects for collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). DBA/1 mice were immunized with bovine type-II collagen and administered 100 mg/kg of pravastatin interperitoneally. We measured the effects of pravastatin for CIA including infiltration of macrophages(More)
Interferon-gamma is one of the cytokines which have various immunoregulatory functions. In the present study, the serum interferon-gamma level was determined in autoimmune diseases. It was increased in the active cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD). Since there was a positive correlation between the serum(More)
A role of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase (calcineurin) in induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) was investigated using its selective inhibitor, FK506, in visual cortical slices of young rats. Field potentials or excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) to test stimulation of white matter were recorded extra- or intracellularly from(More)
We report on seven Japanese families with spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) carrying small CAG repeat expansions in the calcium channel alpha1A subunit gene. The number of the expanded CAG repeat, ranged from 22 to 25, showed no intergenerational instability and had a significant inverse correlation with the age of onset. The clinical features of these(More)
Corticosteroids are highly effective anti-inflammatory or immunosuppressive drugs used commonly to treat human systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). All-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA), which belongs to a class of retinoids that exert immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory functions, can also suppress the development of lupus nephritis in an animal model. However,(More)
Autoimmune disease in Fas-deficient MRL-Faslpr mice is dependent on infiltrating autoreactive leukocytes and autoantibodies, and IFN-gamma plays an important role in the pathogenesis. As IL-18 is capable of inducing IFN-gamma production in T cells, we hypothesized that signaling through IL-18R is involved in the pathogenesis. To investigate the impact of(More)