Masumi Yamamuro

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On the basis of congener-specific analysis of dioxins in a dated sediment core, the sources and behavior of dioxins in Lake Shinji Basin, Japan, were estimated. The dioxins in the core showed that their deposition in the lake increased rapidly during the 1960s, peaked in the early 1970s, and then decreased gradually. Principal component analysis of the(More)
Coral reefs are sites of high nitrogen-fixation activity by cyanobacteria (Capone 1988). To evaluate the contribution of fixed nitrogen in coral reef nutrient cycles, most research has used the acetylene-reduction method to measure the rate of fixation in algal mats, bare rocks, and living corals (Webb et al. 1975; Wiebe et al. 1975; Crossland and Barnes(More)
Various testing methods for the detection of the endocrine disruptive activities of chemicals have been developed in freshwater fish species. However, a few relatively easier specific methods for detecting anti-androgenic activities are available for fish. The aim of this study was to verify the papillary process in Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) as an(More)
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDDs/DFs) were detected in waterfowl such as common cormorants, tufted ducks, and their prey, namely fish and bivalves from Lake Shinji, Japan. The concentration of total PCDDs/DFs-TEQ was found to be higher in the muscle tissues of common cormorants than in those of tufted ducks. The results of(More)
The most potent chemicals potentially causing adverse effects on fish species are estrogens in human waste.Sewage is a source of these estrogens and it is difficult to reduce. In particular, although the bioactivity of estrone is estimated to be about half of that of estradiol, multiple studies report that more than 100 ng l(–1) of estrone can be detected(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed our outcomes using an intercostal muscle flap harvested with cautery prior to chest retraction. METHODS Our retrospective study was conducted using an electronic prospective database. RESULTS There were 456 patients (348 men) over a six year period. The intercostal muscle flap was used for bronchial coverage in 391 patients. The(More)
Concentrations and accumulation profiles of PCDDs/DFs and coplanar-PCBs (co-PCBs) in aquatic biota (e.g., plankton, shellfish, benthic invertebrate, and fish) and sediment from Tokyo Bay were examined to elucidate the relationship between bioaccumulation and trophic level in the food web as determined by the stable nitrogen isotope analysis. Bioaccumulation(More)
 The natural carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios (δ13C, δ15N) of various autotrophs and heterotrophs were measured in a Syringodium isoetifolium-dominated seagrass bed at Dravuni Island, Fiji to define carbon and nitrogen sources for heterotrophic organisms in a system where few animals graze directly on seagrass leaves. The organic carbon, nitrogen,(More)
Juvenile hormone (JH) and JH agonists have been shown to induce male offspring production in various daphnids, including Daphnia magna using OECD TG211. The critical period (about 1h) for JH action on ova in the parent's ovary to induce male offspring is existing at 7-8h later from ovulation. Therefore, we considered that adult D. magna could be used to(More)