Masumi Shimizu

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During disease progression in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), clonal blasts gain a more aggressive nature, whereas nonclonal immune cells become less efficient via an unknown mechanism. Using MDS cell lines and patient samples, we showed that the expression of an immunoinhibitory molecule, B7-H1 (CD274), was induced by interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) and tumor(More)
The effects of Nef molecules on immature dendritic cells (iDCs) were analyzed using recombinant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) with intact nef gene, pseudotyped with vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein, HIV/VSV-G/+Nef. When iDCs were infected with HIV/VSV-G/+Nef, the surface expression of CD1a, a molecule for presenting glycolipid/lipid(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is often persistent, but its mechanism and pathogenesis remain unclear. One mechanism through which HCV escapes systemic immunosurveillance might be via impaired dendritic cells (DCs), which are the most potent type of antigen-presenting cells. We examined whether HCV causes immunosuppression in DCs during maturation. We(More)
Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy is considered the most successful immunotherapy against solid tumors of human bladder carcinoma. To determine the actual effector cells activated by intravesical BCG therapy to inhibit the growth of bladder carcinoma, T24 human bladder tumor cells, expressing very low levels of class I MHC, were(More)
Recent findings suggest that macrophage-tropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) produced in colostrum/early breast milk may hold a clue to determine the mechanisms of transmission of HIV-1 via breast-feeding. Here, we show that the majority of CD4(+) cells in the colostrum are CD14(+) macrophages expressing both chemokine receptors and DC-SIGN, a(More)
Assays for cytotoxicity of CTLs in vivo using a fluorescent-based dye, 5- (and 6-) carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimydyl ester (CFSE), have been established and widely used. On the basis of this experience, we applied it to in vitro assay system and established a simpe, highly sensitive flow cytometric assay for CTL activity. In our assay, specific(More)
Oral administration of a certain dose of antigen can generally induce immunological tolerance against the same antigen. In this study, we showed the temporal appearance of ovalbumin (OVA) antigens in both portal and peripheral blood of mice after the oral administration of OVA. Furthermore, we detected 45,000 MW OVA in mouse serum 30 min after the oral(More)
PURPOSE To compare an endovascular technique with a well established surgical approach to achieve long-term occlusions of large porcine arteries while preserving the integrity of periarterial tissue. METHODS The femoral arteries in 11 pigs were occluded using surgical techniques on one side and blinded stent-grafts in the contralateral vessel.(More)
In our continuing investigation of the significance of leukocytosis in prostatic fluid (PF), the relation of leukocytosis in PF to that in selected sections of prostate with significant inflammation was studies with whole-mount specimens obtained at radical prostatectomy from 12 patients with prostate cancer. Although leukocytosis was observed both in PF(More)
BACKGROUND Two major distinct subsets of dendritic cells (DCs) are arranged to regulate immune responses: DEC-205+ DCs drive Th1 polarization and 33D1+ DCs establish Th2 dominancy. Th1 polarization can be achieved either by depletion of 33D1+ DCs with a 33D1-specific monoclonal antibody (mAb) or by activation of DEC-205+ DCs via intraperitoneal injection of(More)