Masumi Ohshima

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cDNA species encoding a large DNA-binding protein (NP220) of 1978 amino acids was isolated from human cDNA libraries. Human NP220 binds to double-stranded DNA fragments by recognizing clusters of cytidines. Immunofluorescent microscopy with antiserum directed against NP220 revealed a punctate or "speckled" pattern and coiled body-like structures in the(More)
Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity in the soluble fraction of rat kidney yielded three peaks on DEAE cellulose column chromatography. From these three, we purified two PLA2 isoforms to near-homogeneity. Both had a molecular weight of approx. 14,000 on SDS-PAGE, and immunochemical and enzymological studies indicated that one is a 14 kDa type I PLA2 and the(More)
To characterize the structural features of the ubiquinone reduction site of glucose dehydrogenase (GlcDH) in Escherichia coli, we performed structure/activity studies of a systematic set of synthetic ubiquinone analogues and specific inhibitors (synthetic capsaicins) of this site. Considering the proposed similarity of the quinone binding domain motif(More)
Myosin light chain kinase which phosphorylates g2 light chain of skeletal muscle myosin requires an activator for the activity (Yazawa, M., and Yagi, K (1977) J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 82, 287-289). This activator has now been identified as the modulator protein known to be a Ca2+-dependent regulator for phosphodiesterase, adenylate cyclase, and ATPases. The(More)
NP220 is a DNA-binding nuclear protein originally cloned from human cell lines. Human NP220 (hNP220) has an arginine/serine-rich motif found in non-small nuclear RNP splicing factors (SR proteins) and shares three domains (MH1, MH2 and MH3) with an acidic nuclear matrix protein, matrin 3. The MH2 domain repeats three times and has homology to the(More)
Stem cells self-renew and repeatedly produce differentiated cells during development and growth. The differentiated cells can be converted into stem cells in some metazoans and land plants with appropriate treatments. After leaves of the moss Physcomitrella patens are excised, leaf cells reenter the cell cycle and commence tip growth, which is(More)
A wide variety of alkyl derivatives of Q2 (6-geranyl-2, 3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone) and DB (6-n-decyl-2, 3-dimethoxy-5-methyl-1,4-benzoquinone), in which methoxy groups of the 2- and/or 3-positions of the quinone ring were replaced by other bulky alkoxy groups from ethoxy to butoxy, were prepared by novel synthetic procedures. Electron-accepting(More)
Mitochondrial gene transcription activity in organello was suppressed after culturing HeLa cells with 1000 U/ml of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) or IFN-gamma for 18 h. The suppression was associated with reduced levels of mitochondrial gene transcripts. Northern blot analysis of HeLa cell RNA showed marked reduction of the mRNA encoding for mitochondrial(More)