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Research has shown that there are significant ethnic variations in the frequency of highly functional mutations in genes coding for metabolic enzymes. However, few studies have examined the frequency distribution of major allelic variations within the population of Iran. The present study focused on the genotype profile of southern Iranians in order to(More)
Cancer reflects a complicated network of interactions between genes and environmental factors. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) is a multi-gene superfamily participating in the metabolism of xenobiotics. The aim of our study was to examine whether polymorphisms in the CYP enzyme genes affect the risk of developing larynx squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Polymorphism of(More)
Despite dramatic improvements in first-year patient and graft survival rates, chronic allograft dysfunction (CAD) remains the leading cause of late renal allograft loss, while current immunologic strategies have little effect on this condition. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in progression of chronic renal disease. It was shown(More)
OBJECTIVE Transplantation of renal grafts is an established treatment for renal failure in a variety of medical conditions. Acute allograft rejection remains an important cause of morbidity after kidney transplantation, and has been shown to be a crucial determinant of long-term graft function. Although rejection is mediated by recipient lymphocytes, both(More)
OBJECTIVE Transplantation of renal grafts is an established treatment for renal failure in a variety of medical conditions. Polymorphisms in genes, coding for proteins involved in immune response, may influence immunological and non-immunological mechanisms that lead to allograft loss. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) agonist has been shown to reduce short and long(More)
OBJECTIVES Tacrolimus is widely used as an immunosuppressive drug in liver transplant recipients with a narrow therapeutic range and variable individualized pharmacokinetics. Tacrolimus is a substrate of cytochrome P-450 3A enzyme and the drug transporter, P-glycoprotein. MATERIALS AND METHODS We determined the genotypic frequencies of cytochrome P-4503A5(More)
The 14-bp polymorphism in exon 8 of the HLA-G gene is associated with HLA-G mRNA stability and the patterns of alternative isoform splicing and may influence the functionality of the HLA-G molecule. HLA-G expression was related to allograft acceptance and fewer episodes of acute rejection during heart, kidney and liver-kidney transplantation. In order to(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute rejection remains an important cause of graft loss after renal transplantation, and cytokines are key mediators in the induction and effector phases of all immune and inflammatory responses. However, the influence of gene polymorphisms on the functional immune response of transplant recipient outcomes remains controversial. MATERIALS AND(More)
Glutathione-S-transferase (GST) has a major protective role against free radicals and plays a vital role in phase II of biotransformation of many substances. In liver transplantation, reperfusion injury, calcineurin drug consumption and infection produce free radicals that cause tissue injury and organ damage. Genetic variations of GST may influence(More)
Graft-versus-host disease is the main complication after hematopoietic stem cells transplantation (HSCT). Non-HLA genotypes, such as cytokines, have been investigated for their potential roles in the occurrence and severity of GVHD as well as for their contribution to overall transplant-related mortality and survival. IL-7 which is secreted by bone marrow(More)